Albor A, El Hizawi S, Horn EJ et al.The interaction of Piasy with Trim32, an E3-ubiquitin ligase mutated in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H, promotes Piasy degradation and regulates UVB-induced keratinocyte apoptosis through NFkappaB. J Biol Chem 281:25850
ABSTRACT Protein inhibitors of activated STATs (PIAS) family members are ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase-small ubiquitin-like modifier ligases for diverse transcription factors. However, the regulation of PIAS protein activity in cells is poorly understood. Previously, we reported that expression of Trim32, a RING domain ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase-ubiquitin ligase mutated in human limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H (LGMD2H) and Bardet-Biedl syndrome, is elevated during mouse skin carcinogenesis, protecting keratinocytes from apoptosis induced by UVB and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). Here we report that Trim32 interacts with Piasy and promotes Piasy ubiquitination and degradation. Ubiquitination of Piasy by Trim32 could be reproduced in vitro using purified components. Their interaction was induced by treatment with UVB/TNFalpha and involved redistribution of Piasy from the nucleus to the cytoplasm, where it accumulated in cytoplasmic granules that colocalized with Trim32. Piasy destabilization and ubiquitination required an intact RING domain in Trim32. The LGMD2H-associated missense point mutation prevented Trim32 binding to Piasy, and human Piasy failed to colocalize with human Trim32 in fibroblasts isolated from an LGMD2H patient. Trim32 expression increased the transcriptional activity of NFkappaB in epidermal keratinocytes, both under basal treatment and after UVB/TNFalpha treatment. Conversely, Piasy inhibited NFkappaB activity under the same conditions and sensitized keratinocytes to apoptosis induced by TNFalpha and UVB. Our results indicate that, by controlling Piasy stability, Trim32 regulates UVB-induced keratinocyte apoptosis through induction of NFkappaB and suggests loss of function of Trim32 in LGMD2H.
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- "There is evidence that a number of the mammalian SUMO E3 ligases are targeted for ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation. For example, PIAS1 is ubiquitinated by human homologs of seven in absentia 2 (hSIAh2) (Depaux et al. 2007), while PIASy is targeted for degradation by the ubiquitin ligase Trim32 (a protein mutated in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2H and in Bardet–Biedl syndrome, and which is also elevated in mouse skin tumours induced in vivo by UVB) (Albor et al. 2006). Treatment of cells with MG132 promoted the interaction of TRIM32 and PIASy, resulting in the colocalisation of both proteins due to the redistribution of PIASy from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. "
ABSTRACT: A large number of proteins are modified post-translationally by the ubiquitin-like protein (Ubl) SUMO. This process, known as sumoylation, regulates the function, localisation and activity of target proteins as part of normal cellular metabolism, e.g., during development, and through the cell cycle, as well as in response to a range of stresses. In order to be effective, the sumoylation pathway itself must also be regulated. This review describes how the SUMOylation process is regulated. In particular, regulation of the SUMO conjugation and deconjugation machinery at the level of transcription and by post-translational modifications is discussed.Chromosoma 06/2013; 122(6). DOI:10.1007/s00412-013-0422-0 · 3.26 Impact Factor
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- "The sections were then incubated with affinity-purified chicken anti-Trim32 antibody generated in our laboratory (Albor et al., 2006) or goat anti-CCL20 antibody, clone AF360 (R&D Systems Inc., Minneapolis, MN) overnight at 4°C. The specificity of chicken anti-Trim32 antibody was verified by immunoblotting and immunostaining as described (Albor et al., 2006) and in the Supplemental data herein (Figure S1). The staining signal was visualized by the ABC approach (Vector Laboratories, Burlingame, CA) and counterstained with hematoxylin. "
ABSTRACT: Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disorder with aberrant regulation of keratinocytes and immunocytes. Although it is well known that uncontrolled keratinocyte proliferation is largely driven by proinflammatory cytokines from the immunocytes, the functional role of keratinocytes in the regulation of immunocytes is poorly understood. Recently, we found that tripartite motif-containing protein 32 (Trim32), an E3-ubiquitin ligase, is elevated in the epidermal lesions of human psoriasis. We previously showed that Trim32 binds to the protein inhibitor of activated STAT-Y (Piasy) and mediates its degradation through ubiquitination. Interestingly, the Piasy gene is localized in the PSORS6 susceptibility locus on chromosome 19p13, and Piasy negatively regulates the activities of several transcription factors, including NF-kappaB, STAT, and SMADs, that are implicated in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In this study, we show that Trim32 activates, and Piasy inhibits, keratinocyte production of CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20), a psoriatic chemokine essential for recruitment of DCs and T helper (Th)17 cells to the skin. Further, Trim32/Piasy regulation of CCL20 is mediated through Piasy interaction with the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kappaB. As CCL20 is activated by Th17 cytokines, the upregulation of CCL20 production by Trim32 provides a positive feedback loop of CCL20 and Th17 activation in the self-perpetuating cycle of psoriasis.Journal of Investigative Dermatology 05/2010; 130(5):1384-90. DOI:10.1038/jid.2009.416 · 6.37 Impact Factor
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- "Interestingly, the RING domain of C. elegans NHL-1 was previously shown to be capable of ubiquitinating substrates in vitro (Gudgen et al., 2004). Furthermore, one putative human homolog of Brat, TRIM32, also contains a RING domain and was reported to promote ubiquitination and degradation of at least two proteins in vitro, actin and Piasy (Albor et al., 2006; Kudryashova et al., 2005). Therefore, one possibility is that the Cebrat homologs modulate cell polarity by ubiquitination and degradation of specific proteins. "
ABSTRACT: The evolutionary conserved PAR proteins control polarization and asymmetric division in many organisms. Recent work in Caenorhabditis elegans demonstrated that nos-3 and fbf-1/2 can suppress par-2(it5ts) lethality, suggesting that they participate in cell polarity by regulating the function of the anterior PAR-3/PAR-6/PKC-3 proteins. In Drosophila embryos, Nanos and Pumilio are homologous to NOS-3 and FBF-1/2 respectively and control cell polarity by forming a complex with the tumor suppressor Brat to inhibit Hunchback mRNA translation. In this study, we investigated the possibility that Brat could control cell polarity and asymmetric cell division in C. elegans. We found that disrupting four of the five C. elegans Brat homologs (Cebrats) individually results in suppression of par-2(it5ts) lethality, indicating that these genes are involved in embryonic polarity. Two of the Cebrats, ncl-1 and nhl-2, partially restore the localization of PAR proteins at the cortex. While mutations in the four Cebrat genes do not severely impair polarity, they display polarity-associated defects. Surprisingly, these defects are absent from nos-3 mutants. Similarly, while nos-3 controls PAR-6 protein levels, this is not the case for any of the Cebrats. Our results, together with results from Drosophila, indicate that Brat family members function in generating cellular asymmetries and suggest that, in contrast to Drosophila embryos, the C. elegans homologs of Brat and Nanos could participate in embryonic polarity via distinct mechanisms.Developmental Biology 09/2008; 321(2):368-78. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.06.037 · 3.64 Impact Factor