Article

Role of the Survivin gene in pathophysiology.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Elm and Carlton Streets, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA.
American Journal Of Pathology (Impact Factor: 4.6). 08/2006; 169(1):1-11. DOI: 10.2353/ajpath.2006.060121
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although the roles of survivin in control of cancer cell division and apoptosis as well as targeting survivin for cancer therapeutics have been extensively explored and reviewed, the pathophysiological role of survivin in normal human cells/organs has not been deeply investigated or sufficiently reviewed. Studies in the latter area, however, appear to be important for the identification of different mechanisms of regulation and function of survivin in normal versus abnormal cells and tissues (including cancer), which might ultimately provide the basis for novel approaches for disease treatment with low toxicity. This Review is intended to summarize current observations in the literature related to the physiological and/or pathological roles for survivin in various normal human cells or organs. Our view of potential future research directions for survivin pertinent to potential therapeutic applications will also be discussed.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
91 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High-grade mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs) have difficulty in cure and 5-year survival rate is quiet low. Therefore, we need new therapeutic agents and molecular targets. Betulinic acid (BA) is one of the materials which is easily found in the world and shows tumor-suppress effects in various tumor types. In addition, many kinds of normal tissues have a resistance to BA treatment. In this study, we investigated the anti-proliferative activity of BA and its molecular targets in MC-3 human MEC cells using western blot analysis and DAPI staining. BA inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in MC-3 cells. It affected Specificity protein 1 (Sp1) and its downstream molecule, survivin whereas it did not affect myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1). Therefore, we suggest that BA can be a potential anti-cancer drug candidate regulating Sp 1 and survivin to exert apoptotic cell death.
    Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety. 09/2013; 28(3).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family. Under normal circumstances, survivin is expressed in embryonic and fetal tissues, but is completely downregulated in normal adult tissues. Notably, this protein has been found to be prominently expressed in a variety of human malignant tumors. The present study was designed to evaluate the possible role of survivin in the tumorigenesis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix. In addition, it was investigated whether the nuclear or cytoplasmic expression of survivin is associated with tumor progression. In total, 71 samples of cervical squamous tissue were obtained, including 15 normal squamous epithelia, 25 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs) and 31 SCCs, from cone biopsy and hysterectomy specimens and stained for survivin expression by immunohistochemistry. The intensity of survivin expression tended to increase with tumor progression (60.0% of normal mucosa, 76.0% of HSIL and 80.6% of SCC samples demonstrated high intensity survivin expression), but this correlation was not found to be statistically significant. However, a statistically significant difference was identified in the intracellular localization of survivin among the normal mucosa, HSIL and SCC samples (P<0.001). In total, 72% (18/25) of HSIL and 54.8% (17/31) of SCC cases expressed cytoplasmic staining in contrast to the nuclear staining of the normal mucosa. In addition, 64% (16/25) of HSIL and 42% (13/31) of SCC cases showed coexpression in the nucleus and cytoplasm. An inverse correlation was identified between the decrement of nuclear survivin expression and tumor progression, but was not statistically significant (P=0.08). These results indicated that analysis of the intracellular expression of survivin (particularly cytoplasmic expression) is a marker for predicting disease progression in the uterine cervix.
    Oncology letters 05/2014; 7(5):1589-1593. · 0.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mismatch repair genes (MMR) play an essential role in DNA repair. MMR mutations predominantly in MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, and rarely in PMS1, may cause the production of abnormally short or inactivated proteins. The antiapoptotic protein survivin functions in the inhibition of apoptosis, regulation of cell division and also enhances angiogenesis. Both MMRP and survivin are considered to be powerful prognostic parameters. This study was designed to determine the relationship between MMRP and survivin in colon lesions. The study included 113 cases of colon carcinoma and 51 cases of colon polyps. Survivin expression and MMRP status were assessed by immunohistochemistry. In each section, expression, intensity of immunostaining and percentage of labeled cells were analyzed. In carcinomas, immunoreaction was detected in 100/113 cases for MLH1 (88.5%), 112/113 cases for MSH2 (99.1%), 110/113 cases for MSH6 (97.3%), and 103/113 cases for PMS2 (91.2%). Survivin was shown in 47/113 cases (41.6%). The statistical analysis confirmed a significant correlation between the expression of MMRP and survivin in the assessed parameters. All 51 polyp samples were positive for MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. Only 8 of those (15.7%) were positive for survivin. Statistically significant differences were observed between the expression of MMRP and survivin. In conclusion, this study revealed that MMRP may suppress the antiapoptotic function of survivin through p53 inactivation of its promoter in grade 1 and grade 2 colon carcinomas.
    Acta histochemica. 05/2014;

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
9 Downloads
Available from
Jul 4, 2014