Custom patellofemoral arthroplasty of the knee.
ABSTRACT The treatment of isolated patellofemoral arthritis is controversial. Several surgical procedures have been used to treat the severely degenerated patellofemoral joint, with varying degrees of success. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical results of a custom patellofemoral arthroplasty for the treatment of isolated patellofemoral degenerative arthritis of the knee.
From 1995 through 2002, twenty-five patellofemoral replacements, three of which were bilateral, were performed in twenty-two patients for the treatment of isolated patellofemoral arthritis of the knee. According to the Ahl-back radiographic evaluation scale, the mean preoperative score for the severity of the arthritis was 4.65 points in the patellofemoral compartment and 0.5 point in both the medial and the lateral compartment. The patients included sixteen women (two of whom had a bilateral replacement) and six men (one of whom had a bilateral replacement) with a mean age of forty-five years at the time of the index arthroplasty. Seventeen patients (nineteen knees) had had a prior procedure on the knee. The mean preoperative Knee Society functional score was 49 points, and the mean preoperative Knee Society objective score was 52 points.
At a mean of seventy-three months (range, thirty-two to 119 months) postoperatively, all twenty-five implants were in place and functioning well. There were eighteen excellent and seven good results. The mean Knee Society functional score was 89 points, and the mean Knee Society objective score was 91 points. No patient had required additional surgery or had component loosening.
On the basis of our relatively short-term follow-up study, custom patellofemoral arthroplasty appears to be a safe and effective treatment for isolated patellofemoral arthritis of the knee. We believe that the results presented in this paper justify the additional cost associated with the custom device.
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Article: Tissue sparing surgery in knee reconstruction: unicompartmental (UKA), patellofemoral (PFA), UKA + PFA, bi-unicompartmental (Bi-UKA) arthroplasties.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recently mini-invasive joint replacement has become one of the hottest topics in the orthopaedic world. However, these terms have been improperly misunderstood as a "key-hole" surgery where traditional components are implanted with shorter surgical approaches, with few benefits and several possible dangers. Small implants as unicompartmental knee prostheses, patellofemoral prostheses and bi-unicompartmental knee prostheses might represent real less invasive procedures: Tissue sparing surgery, the Italian way to minimally invasive surgery (MIS). According to their experience the authors go through this real tissue sparing surgery not limited only to a small incision, but where the surgeons can respect the physiological joint biomechanics.Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 10/2008; 9(3):171-7.
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ABSTRACT: Patellofemoral disease is one of the most controversial management issues in orthopedic surgery. Nonoperative management as a prerequisite first line treatment is successful in the majority of cases. However, a small subset of patients with persistent pain after adequate rehabilitation will be potential candidates for surgical intervention. Careful assessment of the underlying pathomechanics is critical for a successful outcome; these include malalignment of the extensor mechanism, trochlear dysplasia, soft-tissue imbalance, and chondral damage. As the pathology is multifactorial, the planning and treatment must be multifaceted. With careful patient selection, the options of titrated limited lateral release, restoration of MPFL function, tibial tubercle osteotomy, cartilage repair, and patellofemoral resurfacing provide improved functionality and pain relief for the young patient suffering from patellofemoral pain.The journal of knee surgery 11/2006; 19(4):285-95.