Rats with unilateral median forebrain bundle, but not striatal or nigral, lesions by the neurotoxins MPP+ or rotenone display differential sensitivity to amphetamine and apomorphine.
ABSTRACT Rotenone and 1-methyl-4-phenyl pyridinium (MPP+) are two mitochondrial neurotoxins known to produce Parkinson's disease (PD) in experimental animals. In the present study, we compared drug-induced rotational asymmetry in rats lesioned using these neurotoxins at three distinct basal ganglia sites, the striatum, substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and median forebrain bundle (MFB). The levels of dopamine (DA) in the ipsilateral striata of these hemiparkinsonian animals were assayed employing an HPLC-electrochemical procedure 2 days after the final rotational study. Rats infused with rotenone or MPP+ into the SNpc, but not into the striatum or MFB, exhibited contralateral rotations immediately after recovery from anesthesia. Irrespective of the lesion site or the toxin used, all the animals exhibited ipsilateral rotations when challenged with D-amphetamine. Apomorphine administration caused contralateral circling behavior in MFB-lesioned animals, but ipsilateral rotations in rats that received rotenone or MPP+ in the striatum or SNpc. Stereotaxic administration of rotenone into the MFB, SNpc or striatum caused a significant loss of DA in the ipsilateral striatum to varying degrees (96%, 62% and 30%, respectively, as compared to the contralateral side). However, unilateral MPP+ administration into the MFB, SNpc or striatum caused respectively about 98%, 74% and 59% loss of striatal DA. Behavioural observations and the neurochemical results indicate that, among the three anatomically distinct loci-lesioned, MFB-lesioned animals mimicked behavioral aberrations similar to nigral lesions caused by 6-hydroxydopamine, a classical parkinsonian neurotoxin. Moreover, the results point out that while both d-amphetamine and apomorphine-induced rotations could be considered as valuable behavioral indices to test novel drugs against PD, yet apomorphine-induced contralateral bias proves to be a more reliable indicator of specific destruction in the nigrostriatal pathway and development of post-synaptic DA receptor supersensitivity.
- SourceAvailable from: Kochupurackal P Mohanakumar[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report here protection against rotenone-induced behavioural dysfunction, striatal dopamine depletion and nigral neuronal loss, following intra-striatal transplantation of neurons differentiated from murine embryonic stem cells (mES). mES maintained in serum free medium exhibited increase in neuronal, and decrease in stem cell markers by 7th and 10th days as revealed by RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses. Tyrosine hydroxylase, NURR1, PITX3, LMX1b and c-RET mRNA showed a significant higher expression in differentiated cells than in mES. Dopamine level was increased by 3-fold on 10th day as compared to 7 days differentiated cells. Severity of rotenone-induced striatal dopamine loss was attenuated, and amphetamine-induced unilateral rotations were significantly reduced in animals transplanted with 7 days differentiated cells, but not in animals that received undifferentiated ES transplant. However, the ratio of contralateral to ipsilateral swings in elevated body swing test was significantly reduced in both the transplanted groups, as compared to control. Striatal grafts exhibited the presence of tyrosine hydroxylase positive cells, and the percentage of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra was also found to be higher in the ipsilateral side of 7 days and mES grafted animals. Increased expression of CD11b and IBA-1, suggested a significant contribution of these microglia-derived factors in controlling the limited survival of the grafted cells. Astrocytosis in the grafted striatum, and significant increase in the levels of glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor may have contributed to the recovery observed in the hemiparkinsonian rats following transplantation.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(9):e72501. · 3.53 Impact Factor
- Neuroscience Research 06/2009; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to develop regenerative therapy by transplanting varied populations of dopaminergic neurons, differentiated from mouse embryonic stem cells (mES) in the striatum for correcting experimental parkinsonism in rats.CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 06/2014; · 4.46 Impact Factor