Arts and social capital.
Department of Geography, University of Dundee.Mental health today (Brighton, England) 07/2006;
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ABSTRACT: Background: The arts and health evidence base needs to be grounded by common terminology and concepts from which original research and comparative studies can be developed. The aim of this study was to elucidate terminology central to understanding the arts and health causal pathway by defining arts engagement via art forms, activities and level (magnitude) of engagement. Method: The study design was cross-sectional. International experts (n=280) completed an online survey about the concept of arts engagement (response fraction 44%) to generate a list of art forms and activities. Responses were analysed using NVIVO. Participating experts then completed a second survey to rate activities by level of engagement (response fraction 57%). Ratings were analysed via descriptive statistics and factor analysis. Results: Arts engagement can be defined by five art forms (1.performing arts; 2.visual arts, design and craft; 3.community/cultural festivals, fairs and events; 4.literature; and 5.online, digital and electronic arts) and measured via 91 activities. ‘Active’ arts activities had higher levels of engagement than ‘passive’ activities. Conclusion: Study findings provide guidance about which art forms and activities should be included in population surveys and provide a measurement of exposure for use in studies investigating the relationship between arts engagement and health.Arts & Health 10/2012; 4(3):203.
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ABSTRACT: Background Art interventions are increasingly used in public health for the enhancement of patients’ health and wellbeing. The present study investigated perceived outcomes and role of an art intervention from the collective perspectives of participants (patients who took part), deliverers (artists) and referrers (general practitioners and practice nurses). Methods A qualitative methodology, using interviews and focus groups, allowed investigation of participants (n = 18) perceived outcomes and role of the intervention. Participants included patients (n = 10), artists (n = 5), and referring health professionals (n = 3). Results Themes that emerged from the analysis included perceived benefits, role and value of the intervention, and setting and referral process. Central to these themes were psychological and mental health benefits, an appreciated holistic treatment option and the merits of the intervention being situated in the surgery setting. Conclusions The study showed that art interventions within primary care are valuable in the promotion of public health, and in particular, patients’ mental health. Interactions between other participants and the artist were central to achieving patients’ perceived health improvement. Locating the intervention in primary care facilitated patient participation and provided health professionals with a holistic treatment alternative. There is also some evidence that participation in the intervention encourages less dependence on the health professional.Journal of Public Health 01/2012; · 2.06 Impact Factor
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