Role of brain neuroactive steroids in the functional interplay between the GABA(A) and the NPY-Y1 receptor mediated signals in the amygdala.
ABSTRACT Various lines of evidence suggest a functional interaction between GABA(A) and Neuropeptide Y (NPY)-Y(1) receptor (Y(1)R) mediated transmissions in various brain regions, which can be important in the regulation of sedation, feeding, anxious behaviour and neuronal excitability. By using a transgenic mouse model carrying the murine Y(1)R gene promoter fused to the lacZ reporter gene (Y(1)R/LacZ mice), we showed that prolonged pharmacologically or physiologically induced changes in the cerebrocortical concentrations of the neuroactive steroids 3alpha-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan- 20-one (3alpha,5alpha TH PROG) and tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (3alpha,5alpha TH DOC) increases Y(1)R/LacZ transgene expression in the central and medial amygdala, an effect similar to that induced by long-term treatment with positive modulators of the GABA(A) receptor complex (diazepam or abecarnil). We also demonstrated that fluctuations in the cerebrocortical concentrations of 3alpha,5alpha-TH PROG and 3alpha,5alpha TH DOC during voluntary ethanol consumption and ethanol withdrawal induces a marked increase in Y(1)R gene expression that becomes apparent 48 h after withdrawal. These data provide evidence that neuroactive steroids may play an important role in the functional interaction between the GABA(A) receptor and NPY-Y(1)R mediated pathways in the amygdala, which might represent an important regulatory mechanism for modulation of several functions, including ethanol withdrawal.
- SourceAvailable from: Todd E Thiele[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino acid neuromodulator that is expressed throughout the central nervous system. Recent genetic and pharmacological evidence suggests that the NPY Y1 receptor modulates ethanol intake. To further characterize the role of the Y1 receptor, we examined voluntary ethanol consumption by mice after administration of [(-)-2-[1-(3-chloro-5-isopropyloxycarbonylaminophenyl)ethylamino]-6-[2-(5-ethyl-4-methyl-1,3-tiazol-2-yl)ethyl]-4-morpholinopyridine] (compound A), a novel and selective Y1 receptor antagonist (Y1RA) that acts centrally on brain receptors when administered peripherally. C57BL/6J mice were habituated to drinking a 10% (v/v) ethanol solution by using a two-bottle-choice procedure and were then given an intraperitoneal (ip) injection (5 ml/kg) of the Y1RA (0, 25, 50, or 75 mg/kg). In a second study, mice were given intracerebroventricular infusion of the Y1RA (0, 30, or 100 microg). Finally, we determined whether the Y1RA alters open-field locomotor activity, ethanol-induced sedation (3.8 g/kg, ip), or blood ethanol levels. Relative to control treatment, ip injection (50 and 75 mg/kg) and intracerebroventricular infusion (100 microg) of the Y1RA significantly reduced ethanol consumption and food intake without altering water drinking. However, the Y1RA did not alter open-field locomotor activity, ethanol-induced sedation, or blood ethanol levels. These data indicate that acute blockade of the NPY Y1 receptor with a systemically bioavailable NPY Y1RA reduces voluntary ethanol consumption by C57BL/6J mice. These results are consistent with observations that hypothalamic infusion of NPY increases ethanol drinking by rats.Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 10/2004; 28(9):1324-30. · 3.42 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effect of the novel non-peptide neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor antagonist BIBP3226, N2-(diphenylacetyl)-N-[(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-methyl]-D-arginine amide, on exploratory behaviour of rats in the elevated plus-maze was studied. BIBP3226 (0.5 and 5 micrograms, i.c.v.) induced an anxiogenic-like effect at the higher dose tested. This effect was antagonised by diazepam (0.5 mg/kg). The anxiogenic-like effect of BIBP3226 was not related to a decrease in general locomotor activity. These findings support the hypothesis that neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor subtype is involved in anxiety regulation.European Journal of Pharmacology 01/1997; 317(2-3):R3-4. · 2.59 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely expressed throughout the nervous system and is known to reduce excitatory (but also inhibitory) synaptic transmission in many CNS areas, leading to the proposal that it is an endogenous antiepileptic agent. In the neocortex, where NPY is present in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic interneurons, its effects on inhibitory and excitatory synaptic activities have not been completely explored. Here we report that NPY application elicits a long-lasting decrease in evoked excitatory postsynaptic current amplitude and a delayed, long-lasting increase in the amplitude of evoked monosynaptic inhibitory postsynaptic current (IPSC) in layer V pyramidal neurons of rat neocortex. The novel, late, NPY-mediated increase of inhibitory synaptic transmission is caused by modulation of Ca2+-dependent GABA release onto pyramidal neurons, as it was accompanied by an increase in Ca2+-dependent miniature IPSC frequency. NPY decreased evoked monosynaptic IPSCs in GABAergic interneurons, indicating that this neuropeptide has differential effects on different neuronal subtypes in the neocortex. Each of these NPY actions would decrease excitability in cortical circuits, a result that has important implications for both physiological neocortical operations as well as pathophysiological epileptiform activities.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2003; 99(26):17125-30. · 9.74 Impact Factor