Prevalence of stuttering in regular and special school populations in Belgium based on teacher perceptions.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate stuttering prevalence in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium. Using questionnaires distributed among teachers, data were collected on 21,027 pupils from regular schools (age between 6 and 20 years) and 1,272 pupils attending special education (age between 6 and 15 years). The overall prevalence in the regular school population was 0.58%. It was 2.28% in the special school population. In agreement with past studies, stuttering prevalence was higher in males than in females, and higher in pupils attending special schools than in pupils from regular schools. The tendency for stuttering prevalence to decrease with increasing age was confirmed too, but not in the pupils of special schools. Additionally, the pupils of regular schools showed a pattern that was contrary to the general belief that the male-to-female ratio in stuttering prevalence increases with age. Results further indicate that the commonly cited stuttering prevalence figure of 1% is a generalization that requires interpretation.
Article: Editorial 33-4 (LPV)Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology 01/2008; 33(4):162-7. · 0.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study examined (1) the information present in juvenile court records in Belgium (Flanders) and (2) whether there are differences in information between records that mention a mental disorder and those that do not. The file study sample included 107 court records, and we used a Pearson's chi-square test and a t-test to analyze the information within those records. Information in juvenile court records varied considerably. This variability was evident when we compared juvenile court records with and without mention of a mental disorder. Significantly more information about school-related problems, the functioning of the minor, and the occurrence of domestic violence was included in records that mentioned a mental disorder compared with records that did not. The content of the juvenile court records varied, particularly with regard to the mental health status of the minor in question. We suggest guidelines to standardize the information contained in juvenile court records.International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 11/2013; · 1.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Speech is the most important aspect of development that related to central nervous system maturation in cognitive sensory motor domain. Disorders of speech may disrupt other aspects of development. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of speech disorders among primary schoolchildren in Kermanshah during 2008-9. Methods: Six hundred schoolchildren from three educational regions of the city were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling method. In an hour assessment session, an expert Speech-Language pathologist evaluated the spontaneous speech of children by phonetic test and specialist judgment. Results: 39.5% of cases were female and 60.5% male. Mean age of students was 9.12±1.52 years. 67 out of 600 studied schoolchildren (11.2 %) were diagnosed as speech disordered. Prevalence of speech disorders among boys and girls was 11 and 11.3 percent respectively. There was no significant difference in speech disorders prevalence according to age and sex. Conclusion: It’s concluded that prevalence of speech disorders among primary schoolchildren in Kermanshah was lower than similar reports in other studies.