Impact of Dialysis and Older Age on Survival after Liver Transplantation
Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United StatesAmerican Journal of Transplantation (Impact Factor: 5.68). 10/2006; 6(9):2183-90. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2006.01454.x
Because creatinine is heavily weighed in the MELD (model for end-stage liver disease) score, we sought to determine the impact of MELD-based organ allocation on outcomes after transplantation in the pre- and post-MELD eras, focusing on recipients over age 65 on dialysis prior to transplant. A total of 20 196 patients from the UNOS database were analyzed. Comparing the pre-MELD to MELD era, there was a 41% increase in patients on dialysis (p<0.0001), and a 117% increase in combined liver/kidney transplants (p<0.0001). In the pre-MELD era, 1-year patient survival in recipients greater and less than age 65 on dialysis who received liver transplant alone was 56.8% and 76.4%, respectively (p=0.13). In the MELD era these rates were 50.7% and 77.8% (p=0.04). In the pre-MELD era, 1-year patient survival in recipients greater and less than age 65 on dialysis who underwent combined liver/kidney transplantation was 25.0% and 83.2%, respectively (p=0.0002). In the MELD era, these rates were 67.0% and 82.5% (p=0.18). In conclusion, a greater proportion of patients in the MELD era are on dialysis prior to transplant, and more receive combined liver/kidney transplants compared with the pre-MELD era. Candidates over age 65 who are on dialysis at the time of transplant have decreased survival after isolated liver transplantation.
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- Journal of Gastroenterology 11/2006; 41(10):1023-4. DOI:10.1007/s00535-006-1959-y · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Score-based medical urgency criteria are used for necessity-oriented liver transplantation (OLT) but lead to an increasing number of complications in patients with reduced post-OLT survival. A prediction of outcome would improve preoperative patient selection and management. One-hundred-and-thirty-three consecutive adult patients (63.9% men, mean age 47.4+/-11.2 years) given transplants between May 2004 and November 2005 at the Hannover Medical School were analysed retrospectively using univariate and multivariate methods. Indications were: 27.1% viral hepatitis, 19.6% primary sclerosing cholangitis, 15.0% alcoholic liver disease, 7.5% metabolic liver disease, 6.8% primary biliary cirrhosis. Overall, 12-month patient survival was 81.2%. The mean MELD score at OLT was 14.5+/-5.3 and 12-month survival with MELD >16 (71.7%) and <16 (86.2%) differed significantly (p=0.041). Predictors of 12-month mortality included age (53.2+/-9.4 versus 46.1+/-11.2 years; p=0.004), lower cholinesterase (2.9+/-1.88 versus 3.7+/-2.02 kU/l; p=0.026) and serum creatinine (160.4+/-186.8 versus 77.7+/-31.6 micromol/l; p=0.007), with creatinine and cholinesterase as independent parameters. Based on these parameters, a model for predicting patient survival after liver transplantation was calculated and validated in a second independent cohort of 87 OLT patients. This score identified a high-risk group and a low-risk group (overall survival 47.4 versus 91.2%; p<0.001) with a specificity of 87.3% and a sensitivity of 68.75%. Age, pre-OLT creatinine and cholinesterase are predictors of short-term post-OLT survival and may be helpful as a bedside score in pre-OLT clinical management, outcome prediction and decision-making.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2008; 43(6):736-46. DOI:10.1080/00365520801932944 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A consensus conference sponsored by the American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS), American Society of Transplantation (AST), United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) and American Society of Nephrology (ASN) convened to examine simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLK). Directors from the 25 largest liver transplant programs along with speakers with recognized expertise attended. The purposes of this conference were to propose indications for SLK, to establish a prospective data registry and, most importantly, to recommend standard listing criteria for these patients. Scientific registry of transplant recipients data, and single center data regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) in conjunction with liver failure as a basis for SLK was presented and discussed. The consensus was that Regional Review Boards (RRB) should determine listing for SLK, as with other MELD exceptions, with automatic approval for: (i) End-stage renal disease with cirrhosis and symptomatic portal hypertension or hepatic vein wedge pressure gradient >/= 10 mm Hg (ii) Liver failure and CKD with GFR </= 30 mL/min (iii) AKI or hepatorenal syndrome with creatinine >/= 2.0 mg/dL and dialysis >/= 8 weeks (iv) Liver failure and CKD and biopsy demonstrating > 30% glomerulosclerosis or 30% fibrosis. The RRB would evaluate all other requests to determine appropriateness.American Journal of Transplantation 09/2008; 8(11):2243-51. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-6143.2008.02416.x · 5.68 Impact Factor