Nursing research in smoking cessation: a listing of the literature, 1996-2005.
ABSTRACT A listing of publications related to nurses and tobacco is posted on the Tobacco Free Nurses Web site (www.tobaccofreenurses.org). For this conference, a chronological listing of the numbers and type of data-based articles that focused on nursing involvement in tobacco cessation published since 1996, the year of the first publication of the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, Clinical Practice Guideline #18, through 2005 was developed. One hundred and seventy-five data-based papers that met the criteria, that is, the paper focused on smoking cessation and involved nurses, were identified. Most (88%) articles were exclusively focused on cessation. Research designs included experimental (38%), quasi-experimental (24%), descriptive-quantitative (25%), descriptive-qualitative (8%), meta-analyses (2%), and secondary analyses and systematic reviews (each 1%). The number of articles that focused on nursing involvement in tobacco cessation has increased eight fold in the past 10 years, from less than 5 articles published in 1996 to more than 40 published in 2005. The minority (35%) of data-based articles that focused on nurses and tobacco cessation were published in nursing journals.
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ABSTRACT: Considerable time and resources are allocated to carry out qualitative research. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the availability of qualitative research on women's health screening and assess its influence on screening practice guidelines in the United-States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Medline, CINHAL and WEB of Science databases were used to identify the availability of qualitative research conducted in the past 15 years on three different women's health screening topics: cervical cancer screening, breast cancer screening and prenatal first trimester screening. Key national practice guidelines on women's health screening were selected using the National Guideline Clearinghouse website. Bibliometric analysis was used to determine the frequency of qualitative references cited in the guidelines. A total of 272 qualitative research papers on women's health screening were identified; 109 on cervical cancer screening, 104 on breast cancer screening, and 59 on prenatal first trimester screening. The qualitative studies focused on health care provider perspectives as well as ethical, ethnographic, psychological and social issues surrounding screening. Fifteen national clinical practice guidelines on women's health screening were identified. A total of 943 references were cited, only 2 of which comprised of qualitative research cited by only 1 clinical practice guideline. While there is considerable qualitative research that has been carried out on women's health screening, its incorporation into clinical practice guidelines is minimal. Further exploration of the disconnect between the two is important for enhancing knowledge translation of qualitative research within clinical practice.American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 09/2013; 210(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ajog.2013.09.021 · 3.97 Impact Factor