[Epidemiological study of clinical characteristics of Chinese Han ethnic women with polycystic ovary syndrome].
ABSTRACT To carry out an epidemiological study of clinical characteristics of Chinese Han ethnic women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
According to Revised 2003 European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology/American Society for Reproductive Medicine criteria, PCOS can be diagnosed with 2 manifestations out of oligo-or anovulation, clinical and/or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism exclusion of other etiologies and polycystic ovaries. One thousand and twenty-seven women in reproductive age from one area in Jinan city were investigated and the clinical, metabolic characteristics of the PCOS patients were analyzed.
(1) A total of 828 questionnaires were collected from 1027 women; the response rate was 80.62%. Eighty-five PCOS patients were diagnosed; PCOS accounted for 97.65% (83/85) in <or= 35 years old population groups; (2) Clinical manifestations were different between PCOS groups and controls in each age stage (P < 0.05); Menstruation, body hair Ferriman-Gallny (F-G) score, acne, ovarian follicle numbers decreased with aging among PCOS groups, and menstruation cycle was longer, testosterone (T), free androgen index (FAI) and ovarian follicle numbers were higher, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) was lower than control groups of the same age respectively (P < 0.01); (3) Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (Homa-IR) index in infertility PCOS group was higher than in fertility group (1.49 +/- 0.73 vs 1.31 +/- 0.66; t = 2.058; P < 0.05); fasting insulin, fasting blood glucose in obesity PCOS group was higher than in non-obesity group (8.50 +/- 3.46 vs 5.7 +/- 2.3, t = 2.984; P < 0.01, 5.45 +/- 0.54 vs 4.88 +/- 0.45, t = 2.891; P < 0.01), in contrast, insulin sensitivity index was lower in obesity PCOS group than in non-obesity group (0.025 +/- 0.015 vs 0.044 +/- 0.026; t = 2.292, P < 0.05).
(1) PCOS mainly distributes in <or= 35 years old population; (2) clinical manifestations of oligo-ovulation, clinical and/or biochemical signs of hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries of PCOS change with age increase. (3) PCOS with infertility and obesity is usually associated with glucose metabolic changes, especially insulin resistance.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate whether insulin resistance (IR) within theca cells may directly contribute to their hyperandrogenism, a heritable trait of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In vitro cell model. University-affiliated laboratory. Porcine ovaries. Ovarian theca cells from porcine follicles were isolated and cultured. Insulin resistance was induced in theca cells without (Con) or with dexamethasone (Dex); cells were further treated by troglitazone (Tro) and metformin (Met) in IR cells or by vehicle only in IR and Con cells. Medium glucose and T levels; reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot for insulin signal molecules and androgenic enzyme. As compared with Con cells, Dex-treated cells had significantly lower [(3)H]-glucose uptake (565 +/- 58 cpm/10(6) vs. 1077 +/- 78 cpm/10(6)) but higher medium glucose levels (16.31 +/- 0.39 nmol/L vs. 10.62 +/- 1.02 nmol/L) and had approximately twofold T levels (0.82 +/- 0.20 microg/L vs. 0.38+/-0.08 microg/L). Troglitazone and Met significantly reduced the medium glucose and testosterone concentrations to levels comparable to those in Con cells. The RT-PCR and Western blot showed that the two sensitizers in different ways reversed the altered messenger RNA and protein expression of insulin receptor substrate-1, glucose transporter-4, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, and 17 alpha-hydroxylase in Dex-induced IR cells. Insulin resistance induced by Dex could directly exaggerate androgenic potential within theca cells, suggesting the possible involvement of this ovarian metabolic phenotype in PCOS hyperandrogenism.Fertility and sterility 08/2008; 91(5 Suppl):1990-7. · 3.97 Impact Factor