Competing non-covalent interactions in alkali metal ion-acetonitrile-water clusters.
ABSTRACT Competitive ion-dipole, ion-water, and water-water interactions were investigated at the molecular level in M+ (CH3CN)n(H2O)m cluster ions for M = Na and K. Different [n,m] combinations for two different n + m cluster sizes were characterized with infrared predissociation spectroscopy in the O-H stretch region and MP2 calculations. In all cases, no differences were observed between the two alkali metal ions. The results showed that at the n + m = 4 cluster size, the solvent molecules interact only with the ion, and that the interaction between the ion and the large dipole moment of CH3CN decreases the ion-water electrostatic interactions. At the n + m = 5 cluster size, at least two different hydrogen-bonded structures were identified. In these structures, the ion-dipole interaction weakens the ability of the ion to polarize the hydrogen bonds and thus decreases the strength of the water-water interactions in the immediate vicinity of the alkali metal ion.
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ABSTRACT: Hexadecanoyl, dihexadecanoyl, dioctadecaneoyl, di-10-undecenoyl, and dicis-9-octadecenoyl derivatives of benzocrown-6, dibenzocrown-6 and dibenzo-8 were synthesized by the condensation of carboxylic acids (palmitic, stearic, oleic and undecenoic acid) with benzo and dibenzo crown ethers in the presence of zinc chloride. The extraction equilibrium constants of such macrocyclic ethers with long side chains were estimated using chloroform/water and dichloromethane/water membranes transfer of Na-PAR (4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinol mono sodium monohydrate) with UV–Vis spectroscopy. It was found that they were in the range of 10.88–11.71 in dichloromethane and 8.04–11.77 in chloroform. These results actually show that the Na+ binding effect of macrocyclic ethers depends on the type and the length of side chains. The geometrical properties of the molecules were studied employing semi-empirical calculations by simulated annealing technique. The frontier molecular orbital energies and dipole moments were also examined. The biological activity results showed that the synthesized crown ethers have no activity against the studied microorganisms.Journal of Inclusion Phenomena 05/2006; 55(1):159-165. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Infrared spectra of Li(NH3)(n) clusters as a function of size are reported for the first time. Spectra have been recorded in the N-H stretching region for n=4-->7 using a mass-selective photodissociation technique. For the n=4 cluster, three distinct IR absorption bands are seen over a relatively narrow region, whereas the larger clusters yield additional features at higher frequencies. Ab initio calculations have been carried out in support of these experiments for the specific cases of n=4 and 5 for various isomers of these clusters. The bands observed in the spectrum for Li(NH3)(4) can all be attributed to N-H stretching vibrations from solvent molecules in the first solvation shell. The appearance of higher frequency N-H stretching bands for n > or =5 is assigned to the presence of ammonia molecules located in a second solvent shell. These data provide strong support for previous suggestions, based on gas phase photoionization measurements, that the first solvation shell for Li(NH3)(n) is complete at n=4. They are also consistent with neutron diffraction studies of concentrated lithium/liquid ammonia solutions, where Li(NH3)(4) is found to be the basic structural motif.The Journal of Chemical Physics 07/2006; 125(3):34302. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The competitive solvation of the potassium ion by benzene and water is investigated at molecular level by means of Molecular Dynamics simulations on the K+-(C6H6)n -(H2O)m (n = 1–4; m = 1–6) ionic aggregates. The preference of K+ to bind C6H6 or H2O is investigated in the range of temperatures in which isomerisation processes are likely by adding water and benzene to the K+-(C6H6)n and K+-(H2O)m aggregates, respectively. Hydrogen bonds and the π-hydrogen bond, in spite of their weakness with respect to the K+-π and K+-H2O interactions, play an important role in stabilising different isomers, thus favouring isomerisation processes. Accordingly with experimental information it has been found that K+ bind preferably C6H6 rather than H2O and that the fragmentation of C6H6 is only observed for aggregates containing four molecules of benzene.The European Physical Journal D 67(4). · 1.51 Impact Factor