The complete assignments of all H-1 and C-13 chemical shifts were made for the fluorinated dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) analog fluasterone, 2, and two potential in vivo metabolites 3 and 4. The assignments were made using a combination of one- and two-dimensional NMR techniques (H-1, C-13, gDQCOSY, gHSQC, gHMBC). Once the proton chemical shifts were assigned, the stereochemistry of the two hydroxylated analogs was determined using 2D ROESY experiments. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this research was the identification of the metabolic profile of fluasterone, a synthetic derivative of dehydroepiandrosterone, in dogs treated orally or subcutaneously with [4-(14)C]fluasterone. Separation and characterization techniques used to identify the principal metabolites of fluasterone in urine and feces included high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), liquid scintillation spectrometry, HPLC/tandem mass spectrometry, and NMR. In urine, the majority of the radioactivity was present as two components that had apparent molecular weights consistent with their tentative identification as monoglucuronide conjugates of 4alpha-hydroxy-16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17beta-ol and X(alpha or beta)-4alpha-dihydroxy-16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17beta-ol. The identification of the monoglucuronide conjugate of 4alpha-hydroxy-16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17beta-ol was also supported by NMR data. In support of this identification, these metabolites were cleaved with glucuronidase enzyme treatment, which gave rise to components with molecular weights again consistent with the aglycones of a monohydroxylated, 17-keto reduced (dihydroxy) fluasterone metabolite and a dihydroxylated, 17-keto reduced (trihydroxy) fluasterone metabolite. In feces, nonconjugated material predominated. The primary metabolites eliminated in feces were the two hydroxy fluasterone metabolites arising from 17-reduction (16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17beta-ol and 16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17alpha-ol) and 4alpha-hydroxy-16alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17beta-ol that was present in urine in glucuronide form.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals 03/2009; 37(5):1089-97. DOI:10.1124/dmd.108.023614 · 3.25 Impact Factor
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