Capillary electrochromatographic analysis of barbiturates in serum.

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Course of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan.
Electrophoresis (Impact Factor: 3.26). 03/2004; 25(4-5):594-9. DOI: 10.1002/elps.200305703
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A capillary electrochromatographic method was developed for the separation of barbiturates. The separation was optimized in a 75 microm ID capillary, packed with 3-(1,8-naphthalimido)propyl-modified silyl silica gel (NAIP), studying the effect of buffer pH, buffer concentration, and mobile phase composition. Using an applied voltage of 20 kV and the short-end injection method (9 cm capillary effective length), the mobile phase of 1.0 mM citrate buffer (pH 5.0) containing 40% methanol provided the baseline separation of barbital, phenobarbital, secobarbital, and thiopental (internal standard) in less than 4.5 min. The method was successfully applied to the analysis of barbiturates in human serum. Under the optimal conditions, good repeatability and linearity were obtained in the range of 2.90-43.29 microg/mL for barbital, phenobarbital, and secobarbital.

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