Acute abdominal aortic aneurysms: cost analysis of endovascular repair and open surgery in hemodynamically stable patients with 1-year follow-up.
ABSTRACT To retrospectively assess the in-hospital and 1-year follow-up costs of endovascular aneurysm repair and conventional open surgery in patients with acute infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by using a resource-use approach.
Institutional Review Board approval was obtained, and informed consent was waived. In-hospital costs for all consecutive patients (61 men, six women; mean age, 72.0 years) who underwent endovascular repair (n = 32) or open surgery (n = 35) for acute infrarenal AAA from January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2004, were assessed by using a resource-use approach. Patients who did not undergo computed tomography before the procedure were excluded from analysis. One-year follow-up costs were complete for 30 patients who underwent endovascular repair and for 34 patients who underwent open surgery. Costs were assessed from a health care perspective. Mean costs were calculated for each treatment group and were compared by using the Mann-Whitney U test (alpha = .05). The influence of clinical variables on the total in-hospital cost was investigated by using univariate and multivariate analyses. Costs were expressed in euros for the year 2003.
Sex, age, and comorbidity did not differ between treatment groups (P > .05). The mean total in-hospital costs were lower for patients who underwent endovascular repair than for those who underwent open surgery (euro20 767 vs euro35 470, respectively; P = .004). The total costs, including those for 1-year follow-up, were euro23 588 for patients who underwent endovascular repair and euro36 448 for those who underwent open surgery (P = .05). The results of multivariate analysis indicated that complications had a significant influence on total in-hospital cost; patients who had complications incurred total in-hospital costs that were 2.27 times higher than those for patients who had no complications.
Total in-hospital costs and total overall costs, which included 1-year follow-up costs, were lower in patients with acute AAA who underwent endovascular repair than in those who underwent open surgery.
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ABSTRACT: The study defined the selection criteria used for treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs) and reviewed results during a 5-year period. From 2002 on, our tertiary referral center adopted a protocol of selective use of endovascular repair for RAAAs. The study included all patients with a proven RAAA who were admitted to our hospital from 2002 to 2006. The primary outcome measure was surgical mortality. A total of 187 patients were admitted with an acute AAA, and an RAAA was confirmed 135 (72%) by computed tomography scanning or at laparotomy, and 125 (93%) were treated, 89 by open means and 36 by endovascular means. The overall mortality rate was 24% and the mortality rate was 13.9% for endovascular repair. Endovascular repair was consistently used more often in patients with favorable anatomy and in patients who were hemodynamically more stable. There were considerable differences in approach between the four consultant vascular surgeons. The overall evaluation and inclusion for endovascular treatment increased during the study period. A strict protocol for admission, evaluation, and treatment of RAAA, with selective use of endovascular repair, resulted in low mortality rates in our center.Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 10/2008; 48(6):1396-400. · 3.52 Impact Factor