Laparoscopic left adrenalectomy during Roux-en-Y gastric bypass using a supragastric approach.
ABSTRACT A 54-year-old female had a BMI of 44 kg/m(2), biliary colic, gastro-eophageal reflux disease, joint pain, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes type 2. Her medical history included complete remission of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and prolactinoma since 1999. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated an incidental left adrenal tumor, which had increased in diameter from 2 cm to 3 cm in 6 months. A laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with ultrasonography and supragastric left adrenalectomy were performed successfully. Combined surgical procedures appear to be suitable for treatment of coexisting abdominal pathologic findings with minimally invasive surgery. A supragastric approach should be considered when planning a simultaneous gastric bypass and left adrenalectomy.
Article: Bariatric surgery worldwide 2003.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There is a world epidemic of overweight, obesity, and morbid obesity, encompassing 1.7 billion people. Bariatric surgery today is the only effective therapy for morbid obesity. E-mail requests for information were sent to the presidents of the national societies of the 31 International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity (IFSO) nations, or national groupings, plus Sweden. Responses were tabulated; calculation of relative prevalence of specific procedures was done by weighted averages. Responders were 26 of 32 (81%) for the general questions and 24 of 32 (75%) for the question on specific operative percentages. In the year 2002-2003, 146,301 bariatric surgery operations were performed by 2,839 bariatric surgeons; 103,000 of these operations were performed in USA/Canada by 850 surgeons. The earliest start date for bariatric surgery was 1953 in the USA; IFSO was founded in 1995. In the year 2002-2003, 37.15% of operations were open; 62.85% laparoscopic. The 6 most popular procedures by weighted averages were: laparoscopic gastric bypass, 25.67%; laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, 24.14%; open gastric bypass, 23.07%; laparoscopic long-limb gastric bypass, 8.9%; open long-limb gastric bypass, 7.45%; and open vertical banded gastroplasty, 4.25%. Pooling open and laparoscopic procedures, relative percentages were: gastric bypass, 65.11%; gastric banding, 24.41%; vertical banded gastroplasty, 5.43%; and biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch, 4.85%. Categorizing into restrictive/malabsorptive, purely restrictive, and primarily malabsorptive, the relative distribution of procedures was 65.11%, 29.84%, and 4.85%, respectively. The number of countries performing gastric banding was 23 (95%), gastric bypass 21 (88%), vertical banded gastroplasty 19 (79%), and biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch 16 (67%). Purely restrictive procedures were performed in 24 (100%) of the countries, restrictive/malabsorptive in 21 (88%), and primarily malabsorptive in 18 (75%). Bariatric surgery is expanding exponentially to meet the global epidemic of morbid obesity. Operative procedures in bariatric surgery are in flux and specific geographic trends and shifts are evident. Yet, of the patients qualifying for surgery, only about 1% are receiving this therapy--the only effective treatment currently available.Obesity Surgery 11/2004; 14(9):1157-64. · 3.10 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In our retrospective study we compare the effectiveness and safety of transperitoneal laparoscopic versus open adrenalectomy in 40 patients with benign hyperfunctioning unilateral adrenal tumors. Patients 1 to 20 underwent open adrenalectomy between July 1988 and July 1992, and patients 21 to 40 underwent the laparoscopic procedure between September 1992 and January 1994. Student's t test for unpaired data was used to compare intraoperative and postoperative results, and morbidity observed in the 2 groups. The affected adrenal gland was successfully removed in all cases. Mean operative time was significantly longer for laparoscopy, although it shortened progressively due to the learning curve effect. Blood loss was significantly less with laparoscopy, while only 3 patients undergoing open surgery required blood transfusions. Overall invasiveness and analgesic requirement were significantly lower with laparoscopy. The intervals to oral intake and ambulation, hospital stay and return to preoperative normal activity were shorter with laparoscopy. Major complications were noted only in open surgery patients. At 3 months all patients in both groups were cured of the underlying adrenal disease. We conclude that transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy is equally effective and less invasive than open surgery, and that it should be considered the first choice therapy for benign hyperfunctioning adrenal tumors.The Journal of Urology 06/1995; 153(5):1597-600. · 3.70 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this paper a novel laparoscopic approach to the left adrenal gland by the transabdominal anterior route is presented. This approach avoids an extensive viscera dissection to gain access to the left adrenal gland. The first step of the procedure is the division of the gastrophrenic ligament and the section of 1 or 2 short gastric vessels in order to mobilize the gastric fundus. The gastric fundus is then pulled down, allowing a wide exposure of the left crus of the diaphragm, the perirenal fat, and the superior edge of the pancreatic body. The diaphragmatic-adrenal channel runs on the left crus, crosses the middle adrenal artery, and, usually, joins the left adrenal vein before its junction with the left renal vein. By pulling on the diaphragmatic vein, exposure of the adrenal vein is facilitated. The adrenal vein is then isolated and divided between clips. Using the monopolar electrocautery to control arteries and small veins, the mobilization of the gland is then completed. The adrenal gland is then placed in a plastic bag to prevent cell spillage and removed through an enlarged umbilical incision. During a 20-month period, 6 consecutive patients with left adrenal gland neoplasms have been operated on with the above mentioned original approach. The diameter of the adrenal mass ranged from 3 cm to 6 cm. No conversion to open surgery or complications have been registered. The mean operative time was 126 minutes. The mean length of hospitalization was 4.1 days (range 3 to 6). This approach offers a complete visualization of the left adrenal gland, avoiding mobilization of the spleen, pancreatic tail, and left flexure of the colon, and allows an early and easy control of the left adrenal vein so adrenalectomy can be safely performed.The American Journal of Surgery 11/1999; 178(4):308-10. · 2.52 Impact Factor