Phialemonium curvatum Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis with an Unusual Echocardiographic Presentation

Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
Echocardiography (Impact Factor: 1.25). 08/2006; 23(6):503-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-8175.2006.00249.x
Source: PubMed


Phialemonium species, an opportunistic fungal pathogen rarely causes invasive disease, have been described as opportunistic infection agents in humans, mainly as a result of immunosuppression and very rarely involves the heart. We present a case of a patient with Phialemonium curvatum prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis with an unusual initial transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) presentation, illustrating the important role of repeat TEE for the proper diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis.

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