Regional listening forums: an examination of the methodologies used by the child welfare league of America and lambda legal to highlight the experiences of LGBTQ youth in care.
Child Welfare League of America, Washington, DC, USA.Child welfare (Impact Factor: 0.59). 85(2):341-60.
In 2002, the Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) and the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund began Fostering Transitions: CWLA/Lambda Joint Initiative to Support LGBTQ Youth and Adults Involved with the Child Welfare System. To document the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth, as well as identify strategies for systems improvement, initiative staff associated with the joint initiative conducted a series of Regional Listening Forums in 13 cities in the United States. More than 500 participants attended the forums, representing 22 states from every region in the country. Participants included former and current youth in care as well as the adults who work most closely with them. This article focuses on the methodologies on which the forums were developed and conducted. I realized that being gay is not my problem. It's their problem. I see it as a social disease. I try not to get involved in negative communities. But I do try to teach them. I'd rather teach them than ignore them. Otherwise, the ignorance will continue and nothing will ever be done about it.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In 2002, Van Voorhis and Wagner published an article that examined how often, between 1988 and 1997, four major social work journals published content on gay and lesbian people. This content analysis is a follow-up to the previous one to see if the findings were different when the same four journals were examined between 1998 and 2009. As with the Van Voorhis and Wagner study, articles were coded depending upon their focus on HIV/AIDS and the gay community or other issues impacting gays and lesbians. Similarly, articles were coded depending on whether they focused on the client, worker, or macro system. This study found a decrease in the number of same-sex articles from 77 in the first analysis to only 50 in the present one. Furthermore, there was a decrease of almost 90% in the number of articles on HIV/AIDS, from 51 to 5. Van Voorhis and Wagner indicated that social work educators would not be able to easily find gay and lesbian content if they had to rely only on the four major journals. This study reaches a similar conclusion.Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 04/2013; 25(2):232-243. DOI:10.1080/10538720.2013.782741
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: Recent years have seen increased attention to LGBTQ (Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender and Questioning) youth as social scientists and popular media study the confluence of hostile peer groups, school and family environments. Research also demonstrates LGBTQ young people’s overrepresentation in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems as well as among homeless youth populations, although their experiences remain underrepresented within social work curricula. Despite increased recognition of the unique psychosocial and health outcomes of growing up LGBTQ, young queer women, transgender and gender non-conforming youth of color remain marginalized in social science research, social service settings, and in the community, where they are especially vulnerable to violence and have disproportionate rates of involvement with law enforcement. Methods: This study highlights the experiences of some of the most marginalized of LGBTQ youth, those with juvenile justice involvement. Life history interviews were conducted with twelve young adults, ages 18-25, who had been incarcerated in girls juvenile detention facilities in New York State. Interviews addressed three primary research questions: 1) How do LGBTQ young adults formerly incarcerated in girls’ detention facilities define, understand, and negotiate their gender identity and sexual orientation in relation to age, race and ethnicity and other aspects of identity? 2) What are the pathways into and out of the juvenile justice system for participants? 3) How do participants understand and narrate their experiences within juvenile detention facilities? The study design used the principles of Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) and was facilitated by a Community Advisory Board composed of practitioners, advocates, researchers and young people. Life History Interviewing was used to gain insight into participants’ pathways prior to, and following their juvenile justice involvement, in order to identify life choices, systemic barriers, experiences of violence and harassment in detention and elsewhere, and childhood and family history. Narratives were interpreted using the Listening Guide, a relational method based upon Carol Gilligan’s work on identity and moral development. Results: Findings revealed how participants negotiated their sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, and race in relation to various contexts, relationships, and systems, over time. Results also identified themes related to the role of family acceptance and rejection in systems involvement, pipelines between child welfare, educational, and juvenile justice systems, the prevalence of interpersonal and state sanctioned violence in participants’ lives, and participants’ resilience and creative modes of collective and community based healing. Findings also highlighted the need to decriminalize young people’s survival strategies and to challenge the normative rather than exceptional use of detention. Implications: Results from this study hold implications for our understanding of the unique experiences and complex interplay of multiple forms of trauma of LGBTQ youth in the both the child welfare and juvenile justice systems, and for educating social workers in these settings. Additionally, understanding youth’s pathways and experiences prior to detention illuminates some of the causes of their overrepresentation in these systems. The results also contribute knowledge to processes of identity formation and family relationships for LGBTQ youth.The Society for Social Work and Research 2014 Annual Conference; 01/2014
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.