Article

Hyaluronan and the interaction between CD44 and epidermal growth factor receptor in oncogenic signaling and chemotherapy resistance in head and neck cancer

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.75). 08/2006; 132(7):771-8. DOI: 10.1001/archotol.132.7.771
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate whether hyaluronan (HA) and CD44 (hereinafter HA-CD44) promotes head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) chemotherapy resistance and whether HA-CD44 promotes epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mediated oncogenic signaling to alter chemotherapy sensitivity in HNSCC. Hyaluronan, a glycosaminoglycan component of the extracellular matrix, is a ligand for the transmembrane receptor CD44, which acts through multiple signaling pathways to influence cellular behavior. We recently determined that HA-CD44 promotes phospholipase C-mediated calcium signaling and cisplatin resistance in HNSCC.
Cell line study.
Tumor cell growth with various chemotherapeutic drugs (methotrexate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, adriamycin, and cisplatin) was measured in the presence or absence of HA and other inhibitors of the EGFR-mediated signaling pathway. Immunoblotting was used to study EGFR signaling. Migration assays provided one measure of tumor progression.
The addition of HA, but not HA plus anti-CD44 antibody, resulted in a 2-fold reduced ability of methotrexate and an 8-fold reduced ability of adriamycin to cause HNSCC cell death. Immunoblotting studies demonstrated that HA can promote an association between CD44 and EGFR as well as CD44-dependent activation of EGFR-mediated signaling. Migration assays demonstrated that HA-CD44 can promote tumor migration with EGFR signaling. The presence of AG1478, an EGFR inhibitor, and U0126, an extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor, inhibited HA-mediated tumor growth, migration, and chemotherapy resistance.
Our results indicate that HA promotes CD44/EGFR interaction, EGFR-mediated oncogenic signaling, and chemotherapy resistance in HNSCC. Perturbation of HA-CD44-mediated signaling may be a promising and novel strategy to treat HNSCC.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
54 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis or the formation of new blood vessels is important in the growth and metastatic potential of various cancers. Therefore, understanding the mechanism(s) by which angiogenesis occurs can have important therapeutic implications in numerous malignancies. We and others have demonstrated that low molecular weight hyaluronan (LMW-HA, ~2,500 Da) promotes endothelial cell (EC) barrier disruption and angiogenesis. However, the mechanism(s) by which this occurs are poorly defined. Our data indicate that treatment of human EC with LMW-HA induced CD44v10 association with the receptor tyrosine kinase, EphA2, transactivation (tyrosine phosphorylation) of EphA2, and recruitment of the PDZ domain scaffolding protein, PATJ, to the cell periphery. Silencing (siRNA) CD44, EphA2, PATJ or Dbs (Rho GEF) expression blocked LMW-HA-mediated angiogenesis (EC proliferation, migration and tubule formation). In addition, silencing EphA2, PATJ, Src or Dbs expression blocked LMW-HA-mediated RhoA activation. To translate our in vitro findings, we utilized a novel Anginex/liposomal targeting of murine angiogenic endothelium with either CD44 or EphA2 siRNA and observed inhibition of LMW-HA-induced angiogenesis in implanted matrigel plugs. Taken together, these results indicate LMW-HA-mediated transactivation of EphA2 is required for PATJ and Dbs membrane recruitment and subsequent RhoA activation required for angiogenesis. These results suggest that targeting downstream effectors of LMW-HA could be a useful therapeutic intervention for angiogenesis-associated diseases including tumor progression.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2014; 289(35). DOI:10.1074/jbc.M114.554766 · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hyaluronan (HA), a major component of the extracellular matrix (ECM), is enriched in many types of tumors. There is good evidence linking high levels of HA production in human carcinomas to an aggressive phenotype and tumor metastasis. HA is generally bound to CD44 isoforms (so-called CD44s and CD44v3) which are ubiquitous, abundant, and functionally important cell surface receptors. This chapter describes the evidence for HA/CD44v3-mediated activation of the cytoskeleton (e.g., ankyrin and GTPases) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) signaling during tumor progression. A special focus is placed on the role of HA-CD44v3 interaction in cancer stem cells (CSCs). Matrix HA is known to be present in CSC niches. Since CD44v3 serves as a CSC marker, it provides an important physical linkage between matrix HA and various transcription factors that regulate tumor cell functions through distinct signaling pathways. CSCs are known to be chemoresistant and/or radiation resistant and to cause cancer relapse. The purpose of this chapter is to review the most current research on the cellular and molecular biology of CSCs. The emphasis will be placed on both CSC niche and matrix HA-induced microRNA signaling plus various CSC functions (e.g., self-renewal, differentiation, and chemoresistance) during cancer progression. Understanding the regulation of CSCs is critically important for designing CSC-specific therapeutic targets to prevent cancer development and progression.
    Advances in Cancer Research 01/2014; 123:255-75. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-800092-2.00010-1 · 4.26 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An area of research that has been recently gaining attention is the relationship between cancer stem cell (CSC) biology and chemo-resistance in colon cancer patients. It is well recognized that tumor initiation, growth, invasion and metastasis are promoted by CSCs. An important reason for the widespread interest in the CSC model is that it can comprehensibly explain essential and poorly understood clinical events, such as therapy resistance, minimal residual disease, and tumor recurrence. This review discusses the recent advances in colon cancer stem cell research, the genes responsible for CSC chemoresistance, and new therapies against CSCs.
    Cancer Cell International 01/2015; 15(1):2. DOI:10.1186/s12935-015-0163-7 · 1.99 Impact Factor