Isosteric heat of argon adsorbed on single-walled carbon nanotubes prepared by laser ablation.

Department of Physics, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901-4401, USA.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B (Impact Factor: 3.61). 06/2005; 109(19):9317-20. DOI: 10.1021/jp044266u
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We have measured 21 adsorption isotherms for argon on single-walled carbon nanotubes produced by laser ablation. We explored temperatures between 40 and 153 K to obtain the coverage dependence of the isosteric heat of adsorption for films in the first and second layers. Our data are compared to results obtained in computer simulation studies and to data obtained in previous experimental investigations of this system.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Naphthalene was selected as a building block to prepare three polyimide networks with different topological structures via one-pot polycondensation from naphthalene-1,4,5,8-tetracarboxylic dianhydride with tetrakis(4-aminophenyl)methane, tris(4-aminophenyl)amine, and 1,3,5-tris(4-aminophenyl)benzene. The resultant polymers have moderately large BET surface areas with narrow pore size distribution at around 6 Å. Interestingly, it is found that they can uptake 90.5 wt % benzene vapor (298 K, 0.8 bar), and the separation factors of benzene over nitrogen, water, and cyclohexane are as high as 759.3, 40.3, and 13.8, respectively. The high adsorption capacity and selectivity of benzene vapor are attributed to the incorporation of large amount of naphthalene groups in the network since naphthalene is highly hydrophobic in nature and has strong π-electron-delocalization effect. On the other hand, the CO2 uptakes in polymers reach 12.3 wt % (273 K, 1 bar), and the adsorption curves are reversible. Moreover, the separation factors of CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 are 88.6 and 12.9, respectively, superior to many other microporous organic polymers. The above experimental results were analyzed and explained with respect to the kinetic diameters, polarity, critical temperature of the vapors and gases, and the stereoconfiguration of net nodes, porous characteristics, and hydrophobic/hydrophilic nature of the pore walls of the microporous polyimides.
    The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 11/2013; 117(46):24428–24437. · 4.84 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Micellles of poly(cyclohexyl metharylate)-block-poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PCMA-b-P2VP) block copolymer in methanol were used as nanoreactors to fabricate FeCl3 nanoparticles. Then the FeCl3-loaded micelles solution was used as an ink to print films with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps, different morphologies of the FeCl3-loaded micellar films were left onto silicon substrates after printed. After removing the polymer by thermal decomposition, the left iron oxide cluster arrays on the substrate were used as catalysts for the growth of CNTs by the process of PECVD, where the CNTs uniformly distributed on the substrates according to the morphologies of patterned catalysts arrays. Moreover, with a pre-coating of aluminum oxide (Al2O3) layer onto silicon wafers, CNTs grew vertically onto the substrates with the catalyst nanoparticles, forming aligned and patterned structures.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The liquid-phase adsorption of phenol and dye (basic violet 10) onto carbon nanotube (CNT)-activated carbon fabric (ACF) composites, prepared by a catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) approach, has been investigated. The CCVD technique enables the decoration of CNTs on microscaled ACFs, creating a hierarchy CNT-ACF composite. The as-grown nanotubes were found to have a tortuous shape and to be several micrometers in length. The deposition of CNTs efficiently shifts the micropore size distribution of ACFs to mesoporosity. The adsorption isotherms for phenol and BV10 on ACF and CNT-ACF adsorbents are well characterized by the Dubinin-Radushkevich and Langmuir models. The surface accessibility, the equilibrium rate constant, and the adsorption energy are significantly enhanced due to the deposition of CNTs, as analyzed by these models. Accordingly, the existence of CNTs on ACF adsorbent plays a positive role in facilitating pore accessibility to adsorbate and providing more adsorptive sites for the liquid-phase adsorption.
    Separation Science and Technology 01/2011; 46(2):340-348. · 1.16 Impact Factor