Androgen and prolactin (Prl) levels in systemic sclerosis (SSc): relationship to disease severity.

U.O.C. Reumatologia--Cattedra di Reumatologia, Catholic University, Rome, Italy.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 4.38). 07/2006; 1069:257-62. DOI: 10.1196/annals.1351.023
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Testosterone (T), sex hormone-binding globulin, (SHBG), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), and prolactin (Prl) serum levels were measured by electrochemiluminescense immunoassay (ECLIA) in 39 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and compared with serum hormonal levels in control subjects matched for sex and reproductive status. A possible relationship with disease duration and disease severity was examined. Our data show an altered androgen and prolactin (Prl) status in SSc patients, in most cases related to disease duration and disease severity score. We can hypothesize that hormonal dysregulation is a consequence of the chronicity of the disease. The altered hormonal status could result in relative immunological hyperactivity contributing to enhance tissue damage and disease severity.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We assessed the profile and frequency of malignancy subtypes in a large single centre UK cohort for patients with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis; SSc). We evaluated the cancer risk among SSc patients with different antibody reactivities and explored the temporal association of cancer with the duration between onset of SSc and cancer diagnosis. A retrospective study of a well-characterised cohort of SSc cases attending a large tertiary referral centre was undertaken with clinical data collected through our clinical database and review of patient records. We evaluated development of all cancers in this cohort and comparison was assessed with the SSc cohort without cancer. The effect of demographics and clinical details including antibody reactivities were explored to find associations for development of cancer in SSc. Among 2177 patients with SSc, 7.1% of patients had a history of cancer. 26% were positive for anti-centromere antibodies (ACA), 18.2% were positive for anti-Scl70 antibodies and 26.6% were positive for anti-RNA polymerase III antibody (RNAP). The major malignancy subtypes were breast cancer (42.2%), haematological (12.3%), gastrointestinal (11.0%) and gynaecological cancers (11.0%). The frequency of cancers among patients with RNAP (14.2%) was significantly increased than those with anti-Scl70 (6.3%) and ACA (6.8%) (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.001 respectively). Among the patients, who were diagnosed with cancer within 36 months of the clinical onset of SSc, there were more patients with RNAP (55.3%) than other autoantibody specificities (ACA 23.5%; p < 0.008 and anti-Scl70 antibodies 13.6%, p < 0.002 respectively). Breast cancers were temporally associated with onset of SSc among patients with anti-RNAP and SSc patients with anti-RNAP had two-fold increased hazard ratio for cancers compared to patients with ACA (p < 0.0001). Our study confirmed independently, in the largest population examined to date, that there is an association with cancer among SSc patients with anti-RNAP antibodies in close temporal relationship to onset of SSc, which supports the paraneoplastic phenomenon in this subset of SSc cases. An index of suspicion should be cautiously maintained in these cases and investigations for underlying malignancy should be considered where clinically appropriate.
    Arthritis research & therapy 02/2014; 16(1):R53. · 4.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous research has shown inconsistent effect of systemic sclerosis (SSc) on bone mineral density (BMD). The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of previous articles to investigate the differences in BMD (g/cm(2) ) between SSc and non-SSc populations and to discuss potential underlying mechanisms. Twelve full-text articles (including an outlier study and two studies with identical data) with 662 SSc patients and 886 controls were identified by searching Medline prior to 10 September, 2013 using search terms 'Systemic sclerosis' OR 'scleroderma' and 'osteoporosis' OR 'bone density' OR 'bone mass'. BMD (mean and standard deviation), T-scores and Z-scores at lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were extracted. Meta-analysis showed that a lower level of BMD was found in SSc patients, with weighted mean difference of -0.343 (95% CI: -0.500 to -0.186) at femoral neck, -0.084 (95% CI: -0.110 to -0.057) at total hip and -0.104 (95% CI: -0.135 to -0.073) at the lumbar spine. We conclude that patients with SSc may have a lower BMD level than healthy controls.
    International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 06/2014; · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: More than 50 different neurological pathologies have a confirmed or suspected autoimmune etiology affecting an estimated number of 75 million people worldwide. Autoantibodies are a useful diagnostic marker for most autoimmune diseases even though their pathological role is not evident, and several tests for their detection are commercially available. However, for autoimmune diseases involving the nervous system, lack of clear information on the identity of antineural antibody targets and the presence of many rare diseases have hampered the development of specific diagnostic assays. This review focuses on the actual knowledge on confirmed and suspected autoimmune diseases that target the CNS and the diagnostic relevance of corresponding antineural autoantibodies.
    Expert Review of Clinical Immunology 11/2007; 3(6):949-73. · 2.89 Impact Factor