Rapid detection of three large novel deletions of the aspartoacylase gene in non-Jewish patients with Canavan disease
NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, New York, United StatesMolecular Genetics and Metabolism (Impact Factor: 2.63). 09/2006; 89(1-2):156-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2006.05.014
Canavan disease (CD), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder, is caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase (ASPA) gene. In the present study, the ASPA gene was analyzed in 24 non-Jewish patients with CD from 23 unrelated families. Within this cohort, we found three large novel deletions of approximate 92, 56, and 12.13 kb in length, using both self-ligation of restriction endonuclease-digested DNA fragments with long-distance inverse PCR and multiplex dosage quantitative PCR analysis of genomic DNA. The 92 kb large deletion results in complete absence of the ASPA gene in one homozygous and one compound heterozygous patient, respectively. The 56 kb large deletion causes absence of the majority of the ASPA gene except for exon 1 alone in a compound heterozygous patient. The 12.13 kb deletion involves deletion of the ASPA gene from intron 3 to intron 5 including exons 4 and 5 (I3 to E4E5I5) in a compound heterozygous patient. Patients with the three large deletions clinically manifested severe symptoms at birth, including seizures. Our study showed that the combined use of long-distance inverse PCR and multiplex dosage quantitative PCR analysis of genomic DNA is a helpful and rapid technique to search for large deletions, particularly for detection of large deletions in compound heterozygous patients.
Conference Paper: An integrated modelling approach to solder joint formation[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The attachment of electronic components to printed circuit boards is a complex process where solder material undergoes a number of physical processes. This paper presents a modelling methodology which aims to integrate the governing physics taking place during the reflow process. A multi-physics simulation tool, Physica, is described which has the ability to simulate fluid flow, heat transfer including solidification, and stress evolution in an integrated manner. Results using this code are presented, detailing the mechanical response of two solder materials as they solidify and cool during the reflow process. Surface Evolver is a program used to predict the shape that a specific solder volume takes during joint formation. Details are given on how this code has been coupled with the above computational mechanics code. This coupling now provides a modelling route by which the shape, solidification history, and resulting stress profiles can be simulated in an integrated manner. Some preliminary results from this modelling framework are shownThermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, 1998. ITHERM '98. The Sixth Intersociety Conference on; 06/1998
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ABSTRACT: Canavan disease, caused by a deficiency of aspartoacylase, is one of the most common cerebral degenerative diseases of infancy. The aims of this study were to identify the mutations associated with Canavan disease in Saudi Arabia and to identify differentially expressed genes likely to contribute to the development of this disease. Polymerase chain reaction, long polymerase chain reaction, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, sequencing, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), and global gene expression profiling were used to determine putative mutations and likely gene signatures in cultured fibroblasts of patients from Saudi Arabia. One novel and one known large deletion and two previously known mutations (IVS4 + 1G>T and G27R) were identified. Compared with controls, 1440 genes were significantly modulated in Canavan patients (absolute fold change [FC] > or =4). Genome-wide gene expression profiling results indicated that some genes, involved in apoptosis, muscle contraction and development, mitochondrial oxidation, inflammation and glutamate, and aspartate metabolism, were significantly dysregulated. Our findings indicate that the presence of muscle weakness and hypotonia in patients may be associated with the dysregulated gene activities of cell motility, muscle contraction and development, actin binding, and cytoskeletal-related activities. Overall, these observations are in accordance with previous studies performed in a knockout mouse model.Genetics in medicine: official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics 09/2008; 10(9):675-84. DOI:10.1097/GIM.0b013e31818337a8 · 7.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder due to an autosomal recessively inherited deficiency of beta-hexosaminidase A (Hex A). Deficiency of Hex A in TSD is caused by a defect of the alpha-subunit resulting from mutations of the HEXA gene. To date, there is no effective treatment for TSD. Animal models of genetic diseases, similar to those known to exist in humans, are valuable and essential research tools for the study of potentially effective therapies. However, there is no ideal animal model of TSD available for use in therapeutic trials. In the present study, we report an animal model (American flamingo; Phoenicopterus ruber) of TSD with Hex A deficiency occurring spontaneously in nature, with accumulation of G(M2)-ganglioside, deficiency of Hex A enzymatic activity, and a homozygous P469L mutation in exon 12 of the hexa gene. In addition, we have isolated the full-length cDNA sequence of the flamingo, which consists of 1581 nucleotides encoding a protein of 527 amino acids. Its coding sequence indicates approximately 71% identity at the nucleotide level and about 72.5% identity at the amino acid level with the encoding region of the human HEXA gene. This animal model, with many of the same features as TSD in humans, could represent a valuable resource for investigating therapy of TSD.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 09/2008; 95(1-2):59-65. DOI:10.1016/j.ymgme.2008.06.010 · 2.63 Impact Factor
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