Ziv Y, Bielopolski D, Galanty Y, Lukas C, Taya Y, Schultz DC et al.. Chromatin relaxation in response to DNA double-strand breaks is modulated by a novel ATM- and KAP-1 dependent pathway. Nat Cell Biol 8: 870-876

The David and Inez Myers Laboratory for Genetic Research, Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.
Nature Cell Biology (Impact Factor: 19.68). 09/2006; 8(8):870-6. DOI: 10.1038/ncb1446
Source: PubMed


The cellular DNA-damage response is a signaling network that is vigorously activated by cytotoxic DNA lesions, such as double-strand breaks (DSBs). The DSB response is mobilized by the nuclear protein kinase ATM, which modulates this process by phosphorylating key players in these pathways. A long-standing question in this field is whether DSB formation affects chromatin condensation. Here, we show that DSB formation is followed by ATM-dependent chromatin relaxation. ATM's effector in this pathway is the protein KRAB-associated protein (KAP-1, also known as TIF1beta, KRIP-1 or TRIM28), previously known as a corepressor of gene transcription. In response to DSB induction, KAP-1 is phosphorylated in an ATM-dependent manner on Ser 824. KAP-1 is phosphorylated exclusively at the damage sites, from which phosphorylated KAP-1 spreads rapidly throughout the chromatin. Ablation of the phosphorylation site of KAP-1 leads to loss of DSB-induced chromatin decondensation and renders the cells hypersensitive to DSB-inducing agents. Knocking down KAP-1, or mimicking a constitutive phosphorylation of this protein, leads to constitutive chromatin relaxation. These results suggest that chromatin relaxation is a fundamental pathway in the DNA-damage response and identify its primary mediators.

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Article: Ziv Y, Bielopolski D, Galanty Y, Lukas C, Taya Y, Schultz DC et al.. Chromatin relaxation in response to DNA double-strand breaks is modulated by a novel ATM- and KAP-1 dependent pathway. Nat Cell Biol 8: 870-876

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