Evaluation of deep small bowel involvement by double-balloon enteroscopy in Crohn's disease.

Department of Gastroenterology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 9.21). 08/2006; 101(7):1484-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2006.00648.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) enables inspection of deep small bowel, and total small bowel examination can be performed by either antegrade or retrograde DBE. The aim of this study was to evaluate ileal involvement, which cannot be achieved using conventional colonoscopy, by DBE in patients with Crohn's disease.
From December 2003 to September 2005, a total of 44 patients with Crohn's disease underwent 53 examinations using DBE.
Forty patients with Crohn's disease, seven women and 33 men, underwent DBE, and the ileum was investigated in 38 patients. There were 25 cases of ileitis, 2 of colitis, and 13 of ileocolitis. Jejunal lesions were found in two and ileal lesions proximal to the terminal ileum were found in 24 patients with Crohn's disease. DBE was superior to radiological study to detect aphthae, erosions, and small ulcers in the ileum. Small bowel stricture was demonstrated in six and nine patients with DBE and small bowel barium study (SBBS), respectively. An additional mucosal finding was demonstrated in one of the eight patients who underwent wireless capsule endoscopy, and one patient had a capsule removed by DBE that had become lodged because of an ileal stricture. One ileal perforation because of overtube balloon pressure occurred in 53 examinations of patients with Crohn's disease (1.9%).
DBE is useful to evaluate small bowel lesions in patients with Crohn's disease; however, special attention should be paid to mesenteric longitudinal ulcers during insertion and the overtube balloon should not be inflated if a clear intestinal view is not possible.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic assessment of the small bowel is difficult because of its long and tortuous anatomy. However, recent developments have greatly improved the insertion depth and diagnostic yield, by means of device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE). Therefore, DAE may be of specific interest in the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. It may be of help in the diagnostic assessment of intestinal disease extent and severity and complications, with an impact on the therapeutic management. Moreover, local treatment within the small bowel is also feasible with DAE. This review aims to provide an overview of the currently available literature data on the use of enteroscopy in inflammatory bowel disease, and Crohn's disease in particular.
    Annals of Gastroenterology 01/2012; 25(1):14-20.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess "top-down" treatment for deep remission of early moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) by double balloon enteroscopy.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 10/2014; 20(39):14479-87.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is little data on the role of balloon enteroscopy and small bowel strictures. We aim to characterize the diagnostic role of double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) in small bowel strictures and document the outcomes of dilatation. This is a retrospective review from a single tertiary referral centre DBE database from July 2004 to September 2012. All patients with suspected strictures in the small bowel undergoing DBE were included. The position of the small bowel strictures considered for dilatation was determined by diagnostic imaging, i.e. CT enterography, MR enterography or capsule endoscopy in the workup before DBE. Endpoints included stricture description, dilatation parameters and response to treatment. Main outcome measurements were the safety and efficacy of DBE and dilatation. From our DBE database of 594 patients, a total of 32 patients underwent 44 DBE procedures for suspected or known strictures. Stricture aetiology included Crohn's disease (CD), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), surgical, Beçhets disease and one unknown. A total of 17 patients did not undergo dilatation as the strictures were ulcerated, nonobstructing or of uncertain aetiology. From the total of 25 dilatations in 15 patients that were attempted, 8/15 (53%) patients had 1 dilatation, 5 patients had 2 dilatations, 1 had 3 dilatations and 1 had 4 dilatations. The mean dilatation diameter was 14 mm. Three patients underwent surgery post-dilatation (2 for perforation). Mean follow up was 16 months. DBE is a useful method in determining the need for dilatation by assessing for active ulceration. Dilatation is effective in the 10-18 mm range, however perforation does occur.
    Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology 05/2014; 7(3):108-114.