Evaluation of deep small bowel involvement by double-balloon enteroscopy in Crohn's disease.
ABSTRACT Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) enables inspection of deep small bowel, and total small bowel examination can be performed by either antegrade or retrograde DBE. The aim of this study was to evaluate ileal involvement, which cannot be achieved using conventional colonoscopy, by DBE in patients with Crohn's disease.
From December 2003 to September 2005, a total of 44 patients with Crohn's disease underwent 53 examinations using DBE.
Forty patients with Crohn's disease, seven women and 33 men, underwent DBE, and the ileum was investigated in 38 patients. There were 25 cases of ileitis, 2 of colitis, and 13 of ileocolitis. Jejunal lesions were found in two and ileal lesions proximal to the terminal ileum were found in 24 patients with Crohn's disease. DBE was superior to radiological study to detect aphthae, erosions, and small ulcers in the ileum. Small bowel stricture was demonstrated in six and nine patients with DBE and small bowel barium study (SBBS), respectively. An additional mucosal finding was demonstrated in one of the eight patients who underwent wireless capsule endoscopy, and one patient had a capsule removed by DBE that had become lodged because of an ileal stricture. One ileal perforation because of overtube balloon pressure occurred in 53 examinations of patients with Crohn's disease (1.9%).
DBE is useful to evaluate small bowel lesions in patients with Crohn's disease; however, special attention should be paid to mesenteric longitudinal ulcers during insertion and the overtube balloon should not be inflated if a clear intestinal view is not possible.
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ABSTRACT: The recently introduced wireless M2A capsule video endoscopy (CVE) has been demonstrated to be superior to barium follow-through and enteroscopy in diagnosing patients with occult blood loss and iron-deficiency anaemia. To further investigate CVE in comparison to barium follow-through and entero-computerized tomography (CT) in establishing the diagnosis of patients with suspected Crohn's disease. The study was conducted in one academic hospital. Twenty patients with recurrent abdominal pain and/or weight loss or chronic diarrhoea underwent barium follow-through as their initial examination, followed by CVE (if there was no stricture) and entero-CT. The radiologist that performed the barium follow-through and entero-CT was blinded to the results of the CVE. A blinded reader who was unaware of the study objective diagnosed the results of the CVE. In most cases in which there was a discrepancy between examinations, colonoscopy and ileoscopy were performed. For each patient, the diagnosis and disease extent were recorded. Twenty patients (13 males, 7 females; mean age 31 years, range 20-57) were included in the study. Ninety-five per cent of the patients had abdominal pain, 75% had diarrhoea, and 65% had weight loss. The mean haemoglobin level of the group was 13.1 g% (range 10-15.5). Only 13 patients underwent entero-CT.CVE confirmed the diagnosis of Crohn's disease that was suspected by alternative methods in six of the 20 patients. CVE made the diagnosis of Crohn's disease in six patients that had normal barium follow-through or entero-CT. CVE ruled out a diagnosis of Crohn's disease suspected by other modalities in three patients. CVE extended the involvement of Crohn's disease in three of the patients, and established new diagnoses in two patients. CVE established new diagnoses, confirmed existing diagnoses, enlarged the extent of the disease, and ruled out the suspicion of Crohn's disease in 70% of the patients. Barium follow-through established diagnoses, measured the extent of the disease, and ruled out the suspicion of Crohn's disease in 37% of the patients. The capsule detected all of the lesions diagnosed by barium follow-through and entero-CT. CVE detected additional lesions that were not detected by other modalities in 47% of cases and ruled out lesions that were detected by other modalities in 16% of cases (P < 0.05). CVE is a superior and more sensitive procedure than barium follow-through and entero-CT in establishing the diagnosis and estimating the extent of Crohn's disease.European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 04/2003; 15(4):363-7. · 1.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Records of 1084 patients entered into the National Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study were analyzed to gather information concerning the natural history and clinical features of Crohn's disease. The age of onset reached a single peak between the second and fourth decade and was evenly distributed in both sexes. There was an average interval of 35 mo from onset of symptoms to diagnosis. Involvement of both colon and terminal ileum was the most frequent pattern and was present in 55% of patients. The disease was confined to the terminal ileum, other areas of the small intestine, or colon-only in 14%, 3%, and 15% of patients, respectively. Sigmoidoscopic abnormalities were seen in 34% of all patients and 51% of patients with Crohn's colitis. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, and fever were present in the majority of the patients. Lower GI bleeding, fever, and perianal complications characterized patients with colon-only involvement. The frequency of extra intestinal manifestations was similar in all groups. Among patients who were randomized to placebo, 32% achieved a spontaneous remission by the end of 17 wk, and 53% of these were still in remission at the end of 24 mo. Clinical remission was associated with an improvement in barium x-rays in 18% of the patients. The predicted factors associated with favorable outcome in placebo-treated patients were: previous surgical removal of all observable disease, absence of perianal disease, and Crohn's Disease Activity Index value under 200.Gastroenterology 11/1979; 77(4 Pt 2):898-906. · 12.82 Impact Factor
- New England Journal of Medicine 02/2001; 344(3):232-3. · 51.66 Impact Factor