Autobiographical memory in the euthymic phase of recurrent depression
ABSTRACT The authors investigated autobiographical memory specificity in subjects who formerly had depression. In 122 euthymic patients with at least two previous major depressive episodes, memory specificity was significantly impaired compared to matched control participants but not related to residual symptoms and illness characteristics, was not differentially affected by cognitive therapy, and was also not predictive of relapse/recurrence during the 2-year follow-up. However, memory specificity was associated with age, education, and immediate and delayed memory recall. The results suggest that memory specificity may reflect a global cognitive impairment that remains in patients who (formerly) had depression but does not constitute a trait marker for vulnerability for relapse/recurrence.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Claudi L H Bockting, Sep 26, 2015
- SourceAvailable from: Tom Van Daele
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- "It is also one of the longest follow-up studies on OGM in general, together with those by Spinhoven et al. (2006) and Bryant, Sutherland, and Guthrie (2007), which included follow-up periods for 49 and 24 months respectively. We hypothesised that OGM at baseline would predict the trajectory of anxiety and depression. "
ABSTRACT: This study investigated whether overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM) predicts the course of symptoms of depression and anxiety in a community sample, after 5, 6, 12 and 18 months. Participants (N = 156) completed the Autobiographical Memory Test and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 (DASS-21) at baseline and were subsequently reassessed using the DASS-21 at four time points over a period of 18 months. Using latent growth curve modelling, we found that OGM was associated with a linear increase in depression. We were unable to detect changes over time in anxiety. OGM may be an important marker to identify people at risk for depression in the future, but more research is needed with anxiety.Cognition and Emotion 01/2014; 28(7). DOI:10.1080/02699931.2013.879052 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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- "Moreover, some studies have found impaired executive abilities in those with recurrent, but not single, previous episodes (Kessing, 1998; Paelecke-Habermann et al., 2005). This is noteworthy in light of evidence for possible differences in AMS between single episode and recurrent patients, assessed when euthymic (Nandrino et al., 2002; Spinhoven et al., 2006), and suggests that the relationship between AMS and executive dysfunction in euthymic individuals with recurrent previous depression is worth examining further. Here we sought to replicate and extend previous work by investigating autobiographical memory deficits in recovered depressed individuals. "
ABSTRACT: Depressed individuals have difficulty remembering specific autobiographical events. These deficits often persist after recovery of mood symptoms, but the mechanisms underlying impaired memory specificity in recovered depressed individuals remain unclear. Here, we sought to examine whether performance on two cognitive measures might be related to deficits in autobiographical memory retrieval in individuals with a history of depression. Twenty-four recovered depressed women (12 with more than one previous episode) and 24 never depressed women completed two cognitive measures (Digit Span and a Number Generation Task) and tests of autobiographical memory recall. Overall, the recovered depressed women did not show deficits in autobiographical retrieval. However, those with more than one previous episode had impaired retrieval of categorical autobiographical memories. Moreover, depression history moderated the relationship between Digit Span and retrieval of categoric autobiographical memories such that within the whole recovered depressed group (but not the never depressed group), those with lower Digit Span also had poorer retrieval of categorical autobiographical memories. Our sample size was small and included only women. Moreover, order effects may have been a significant factor. These findings support the notion that working memory is an important factor in impairing autobiographical memory in those who have recovered from depression, but suggest a complex relationship with autobiographical recall.Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 12/2013; 45(2):260-266. DOI:10.1016/j.jbtep.2013.12.001 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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- "In clinical populations OGM appears to be relatively independent of current levels of depressed mood (Wessel, Meeren, Peeters, Arntz, & Merckelbach, 2001) showing little change following remission of depressive symptoms (Brittlebank, Scott, Williams, & Ferrier, 1993) with evidence that it is often (Mackinger, Pachinger , Leibetseder, & Fartacek, 2000; Spinhoven et al., 2006), although not always (Kuyken & Dalgleish, 1995), impaired in people with a history of depression who are currently well. This has led to the suggestion that the tendency to retrieve autobiographical memories in an overgeneral rather than specific way may represent a relatively stable, trait-like factor, rather than simply an epiphenomenon of current mood state. "
ABSTRACT: Although the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) is widely used its psychometric properties have rarely been investigated. This paper utilises data gathered from a 10-item written version of the AMT, completed by 5792 adolescents participating in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, to examine the psychometric properties of the measure. The results show that the scale derived from responses to the AMT operates well over a wide range of scores, consistent with the aim of deriving a continuous measure of over-general memory. There was strong evidence of group differences in terms of gender, low negative mood, and IQ, and these were in agreement when comparing an item response theory (IRT) approach with that based on a sum score. One advantage of the IRT model is the ability to assess and consequently allow for differential item functioning. This additional analysis showed evidence of response bias for both gender and mood, resulting in attenuation in the mean differences in AMT across these groups. Implications of the findings for the use of the AMT measure in different samples are discussed.Memory 02/2012; 20(3):300-20. DOI:10.1080/09658211.2012.656846 · 2.09 Impact Factor