MuSK expressed in the brain mediates cholinergic responses, synaptic plasticity, and memory formation.
ABSTRACT Muscle-specific tyrosine kinase receptor (MuSK) has been believed to be mainly expressed and functional in muscle, in which it mediates the formation of neuromuscular junctions. Here we show that MuSK is expressed in the brain, particularly in neurons, as well as in non-neuronal tissues. We also provide evidence that MuSK expression in the hippocampus is required for memory consolidation, because temporally restricted knockdown after training impairs memory retention. Hippocampal disruption of MuSK also prevents the learning-dependent induction of both cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation and CCAAT enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) expression, suggesting that the role of MuSK during memory consolidation critically involves the CREB-C/EBP pathway. Furthermore, we found that MuSK also plays an important role in mediating hippocampal oscillatory activity in the theta frequency as well as in the induction and maintenance of long-term potentiation, two synaptic responses that correlate with memory formation. We conclude that MuSK plays an important role in brain functions, including memory formation. Therefore, its expression and role are broader than what was believed previously.
Article: Screening for PTB domain binding partners and ligand specificity using proteome-derived NPXY peptide arrays.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Modular interaction domains that recognize peptide motifs in target proteins can impart selectivity in signaling pathways. Phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) domains are components of cytoplasmic docking proteins that bind cell surface receptors through NPXY motifs. We have employed a library of human proteome-derived NXXY sequences to explore PTB domain specificity and function. SPOTS peptide arrays were used to create a comprehensive matrix of receptor motifs that were probed with a set of 10 diverse PTB domains. This approach confirmed that individual PTB domains have selective and distinct recognition properties and provided a means to explore over 2,500 potential PTB domain-NXXY interactions. The results correlated well with previously known associations between full-length proteins and predicted novel interactions, as well as consensus binding data for specific PTB domains. Using the Ret, MuSK, and ErbB2 receptor tyrosine kinases, we show that interactions of these receptors with PTB domains predicted to bind by the NXXY arrays do occur in cells. Proteome-based peptide arrays can therefore identify networks of receptor interactions with scaffold proteins that may be physiologically relevant.Molecular and Cellular Biology 12/2006; 26(22):8461-74. · 5.53 Impact Factor
Article: Rin-like, a novel regulator of endocytosis, acts as guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5a and Rab22.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: RIN proteins serve as guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rab5a. They are characterized by the presence of a RIN homology domain and a C-terminal Vps9 domain. Currently three family members have been described and analyzed. Here we report the identification of a novel RIN family member, Rin-like (Rinl), that represents a new interaction partner of the receptor tyrosine kinase MuSK, which is an essential key regulator of neuromuscular synapse development. Rinl is localized to neuromuscular synapses but shows the highest expression in thymus and spleen. Rinl preferentially binds to nucleotide-free Rab5a and catalyzes the exchange of GDP for GTP. Moreover, Rinl also binds GDP-bound Rab22 and increases the GDP/GTP exchange implicating Rinl in endocytotic processes regulated by Rab5a and Rab22. Interestingly, Rinl shows a higher catalytic rate for Rab22 compared to Rab5a. Rinl is closely associated with the cytoskeleton and thus contributes to the spatial control of Rab5a and Rab22 signaling at actin-positive compartments. Most importantly, overexpression of Rinl affects fluid-phase as well as EGFR endocytosis.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 03/2011; 1813(6):1198-210. · 4.66 Impact Factor
Article: Anti-MuSK-Positive Myasthenia Gravis in a Patient with Parkinsonism and Cognitive Impairment.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Muscle-specific tyrosine kinase- (MuSK-) antibodies-positive Myasthenia Gravis accounts for about one third of Seronegative Myasthenia Gravis and is clinically characterized by early onset of prominent bulbar, neck, shoulder girdle, and respiratory weakness. The response to medical therapy is generally poor. Here we report a case of late-onset MuSK-antibodies-positive Myasthenia Gravis presenting with signs of cognitive impairment and parkinsonism in addition to bulbar involvement and external ophthalmoplegia. The pattern of involvement of both peripheral and central nervous system dysfunction might suggest a common pathogenic mechanism, involving impaired cholinergic transmission.Neurology research international. 01/2011; 2011:859802.