Early aseptic loosening of a total knee arthroplasty due to Gore-Tex particle-induced osteolysis.
ABSTRACT Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with the use of synthetic graft material has been used as an alternative to biologic grafts. The use of these grafts has largely been abandoned in reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament because of mechanical failure of the graft and production of wear debris leading to synovitis and recurrent effusions. This article presents a case of early, extensive periprosthetic osteolysis around a total knee arthroplasty associated with wear debris from retained fragments of a Gore-Tex (WL Gore and associates, Inc, Flagstaff, Ariz) (polytetrafluoroethylene) anterior cruciate ligament graft.
SourceAvailable from: Iñigo Etxebarria[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is a clinical problem particularly prevalent in elderly patients with low-energy fractures, particularly hip fractures, but has also been associated with stress fractures and high energy fractures. There is much evidence that supports the need to maintain adequate levels of vitamin D in the blood in order to; reduce the number of fragility fractures, furthering the consolidation of these, improve neuromuscular function of patients, prevent falls, prevent surgical infections, or improve the length of arthroplasties. However, it is rare for the orthopaedic surgeon to request the values of vitamin D in these patients and give the appropriate treatment It is recommended to maintain levels higher than 30-40ng/ml (75-100nmol/l) and increase vitamin D intake, in almost all cases, from 800 to 1,000IU/day to achieve these levels.Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia 03/2012; 56(2):164-73. DOI:10.1016/j.recot.2011.11.006
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ABSTRACT: Background The present study aimed to determine the long-term outcome as a result of the use of synthetic patches as tendon substitutes to bridge massive irreparable rotator cuff defects. Methods All patients who previously had a rotator cuff repair with a synthetic patch (2-mm Gore DUALMESH ePTFE patch; Gore, Flagstaff, AZ, USA; or a 2.87-mm Bard PTFE Felt pledgets; CR Bard, Warwick, RI, USA) were followed-up at a minimum of 8.5 years postoperatively. Assessment of shoulder pain, function, range of motion, strength and imaging was performed. ResultsSix patients had an interpositional repair with a synthetic patch. One patient had died. In the remaining five patients, the mean tear size at repair was 27 cm2. At 9.7 years postoperatively, all the patches remained in situ and no patient required further surgery. The repair was intact in four out of five patients. Patients had improved external rotation and abduction compared to before surgery (p < 0.02). Conclusions We describe the long-term outcomes of patients who had undergone synthetic patch rotator cuff repair for an irreparable rotator cuff tear. At 9.7 years postoperatively, patients reported less severe and more infrequent pain, as well as greater overall shoulder function, compared to before surgery. Patients also had increased passive external rotation and abduction. All the patches remain in situ and there have been no further operations on these shoulders.Shoulder & Elbow 10/2013; DOI:10.1111/sae.12046
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ABSTRACT: The authors first reviewed the history of clinical application of artificial ligaments. Then, the status of clinical application of artificial ligaments was detailed. Some artificial ligaments possessed comparable efficacy to, and fewer postoperative complications than, allografts and autografts in ligament reconstruction, especially for the anterior cruciate ligament. At the end, the authors focused on the development of two types of artificial ligaments: polyethylene glycol terephthalate artificial ligaments and tissue-engineered ligaments. In conclusion, owing to the advancements in surgical techniques, materials processing, and weaving methods, clinical application of some artificial ligaments so far has demonstrated good outcomes and will become a trend in the future.02/2015; 6(1). DOI:10.1016/j.asmart.2014.11.001