Malignant neoplasm of perivascular epithelioid cells of the liver

Departments of Pathology, London Health Sciences Centre and University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine (Impact Factor: 2.88). 09/2006; 130(8):1219-22. DOI: 10.1043/1543-2165(2006)130[1219:MNOPEC]2.0.CO;2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neoplasms of perivascular epithelioid cells (PEComas) have in common the coexpression of muscle and melanocytic immunohistochemical markers. Although this group includes entities with distinct clinical features, such as angiomyolipoma, clear cell sugar tumor of the lung, and lymphangioleiomyomatosis, similar tumors have been documented in an increasing diversity of locations. The term PEComa is now generally used in reference to these lesions that are not angiomyolipomas, clear cell sugar tumors, or lymphangioleiomyomatoses. While most reported PEComas have behaved in a benign fashion, malignant PEComas have occasionally been documented. We present a case of hepatic PEComa with benign histologic features, which nonetheless presented with metastases to multiple sites nearly 9 years later. This case represents the second documented malignant PEComa of the liver, as well as the longest follow-up of a surviving patient with a malignant PEComa, emphasizing both the need for criteria that more accurately predict the behavior of PEComas and the necessity of long-term follow-up of patients with PEComas.

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