CTLA-4 dysregulation of self/tumor-reactive CD8(+) T-cell function is CD4(+) T-cell dependent

Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Mark O. Hatfield Clinical Research Center, 10 Center Drive, Room 3-5750, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Blood (Impact Factor: 10.45). 01/2007; 108(12):3818-23. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2006-07-034066
Source: PubMed


Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) maintains peripheral tolerance by suppressing T-cell activation and proliferation but its precise role in vivo remains unclear. We sought to elucidate the impact of CTLA-4 expression on self/tumor-reactive CD8(+) T cells by using the glycoprotein (gp) 100-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mouse, pmel-1. pmel-1 CLTA-4(-/-) mice developed profound, accelerated autoimmune vitiligo. This enhanced autoimmunity was associated with a small but highly activated CD8(+) T-cell population and large numbers of CD4(+) T cells not expressing the transgenic TCR. Adoptive transfer of pmel-1 CLTA-4(-/-) CD8(+) T cells did not mediate superior antitumor immunity in the settings of either large established tumors or tumor challenge, suggesting that the mere absence of CTLA-4-mediated inhibition on CD8(+) T cells did not directly promote enhancement of their effector functions. Removal of CD4(+) T cells by crossing the pmel-1 CLTA-4(-/-) mouse onto a Rag-1(-/-) background resulted in the complete abrogation of CD8(+) T-cell activation and autoimmune manifestations. The effects of CD4(+) CLTA-4(-/-) T cells were dependent on the absence of CTLA-4 on CD8(+) T cells. These results indicated that CD8(+) CLTA-4(-/-) T-cell-mediated autoimmunity and tumor immunity required CD4(+) T cells in which the function was dysregulated by the absence of CTLA-4-mediated negative costimulation.

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