Pain characteristics in patients with unexplained chest pain and patients with ischemic heart disease.
ABSTRACT Little scientific attention has been paid to providing a comprehensive multidimensional description of chest pain in patients with unexplained chest pain.
The aims of the present study were: (1) to describe the symptom chest pain, including the dimensions of intensity, quality, duration and location in patients with unexplained chest pain (UCP); and (2) to identify similarities and differences in how patients with UCP and patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) describe chest pain.
A descriptive, correlational and comparative design. Totally 208 consecutive UCP patients and 40 IHD patients below 70 years of age participated. Pain was assessed using the instrument Pain-O-Meter.
The occurrence of chest pain was 79% (n=165) in UCP patients versus 60% (n=22) in the IHD patients (p=0.001). Patients with UCP reported greater pain intensity and used more sensory and affective words than IHD patients (p<0.01). Relationships between pain location and amount of body surface involved in the pain and pain intensity in both groups were found (p<0.001).
Our results showed some defining characteristics of the UCP group, but the many similarities between the two groups in their experience of chest pain made it impossible to clearly differentiate the groups' pain profiles.
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Patients with chest pain account for a large number of all patients seeking health care. The major- ity of these patients are referred to emergency,departments (ED) and many,of them,are given a discharge diagnosis of unexplained chest pain (UCP). Our knowledge of this increasing number of patients with UCP is limited. The overall aim of the thesis was to describe and analyse symptom perception, psychosocial factors, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and outcome of unex- plained chest pain (UCP) in men and women. The UCP patients’ symptoms,and their in¿ uence on daily life in a gender perspective were explored
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ABSTRACT: Chest pain is a common and frightening symptom. Once cardiac disease has been excluded, an esophageal source is most likely. Pathophysiologically, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), esophageal dysmotility, esophageal hypersensitivity and anxiety disorders have been implicated. Treatment however remains a challenge. Here, we examined the efficacy and safety of various commonly used modalities for treatment of esophageal (non-cardiac) chest pain (ECP) and provided evidence-based recommendations. We reviewed the English literature for drug trials evaluating treatment of ECP in PUBMED, COCHRANE and MEDLINE databases from 1968 to 2012. Standard forms were used to abstract data regarding study design, duration, outcome measures and adverse events and study quality. Thirty five studies comprising of various treatments were included and grouped under five broad catagories. Patient inclusion criteria were extremely variable and studies were generally small with methodological concerns. There was good evidence to support the use of omeprazole, and fair evidence for lansoprazole, rabeprazole, theophylline, sertraline, trazodone, venlafaxine, imipramine and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). There was poor evidence for nifedipine, diltiazem, paroxetine, biofeedback therapy, ranitidine, nitrates, botulinum toxin, esophageal myotomy and hypnotherapy. Ideally, treatment of ECP should be aimed at correcting the underlying mechanism(s) and relieving symptoms. PPIs, antidepressants, theophylline and CBT appear to be useful for the treatment of ECP. However, there is urgent and unmet need for effective treatments and for rigorous, randomized controlled trials.Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology: the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association 08/2013; · 5.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is seen more frequently in young population and in these patients loss of function is evolving in social and professional areas. The aim of the study is to evaluate the levels of anxiety and somatic perception in patients with chest pain presenting to cardiology clinic. Methods. Fifty-one patients with noncardiac chest pain and 51 healthy controls were included in the study. All participants performed self-report based health anxiety inventory (HAI), somatosensory amplification scale (SAS), and Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS). Results. The patient group had significantly higher scores on the SAS, HAI-1, and HAI-T scales compared to controls (P < 0.001, P = 0.006, and P = 0.038, resp.). SAS, HAI-1, and HAI-T scores were significantly higher in female patients than male (P = 0.002, 0.036, and 0.039, resp.). There were significant differences in all TAS subscale scores between two groups. Patients, who had total TAS score more than 50, also presented higher levels of health anxiety (P = 0.045). Conclusions. Anxiety, somatic symptoms, and the exaggerated sense of bodily sensations are common in patients with NCCP. These patients unnecessarily occupy the cardiology outpatient clinics. These negative results can be eliminated when consultation-liaison psychiatry evaluates these patients in collaboration with cardiology departments.BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:896183. · 2.71 Impact Factor