Use of mesalazine in diverticular disease.
ABSTRACT Diverticular disease includes a spectrum of conditions sharing the underlying pathology of acquired diverticula of the colon: symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease, recurrent symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease, and complicated diverticular disease. Goals of therapy in diverticular disease should be to improve symptoms and to prevent recurrent attacks in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease, and to prevent the complications of disease such as diverticulitis. Inflammation seems to play a key role in all forms of the disease. This is the rationale for the use of anti-inflammatory drugs such as mesalazine. Inflammation in such diseases seems to be generated by a heightened production of proinflammatory cytokines, reduced anti-inflammatory cytokines, and enhanced intramucosal synthesis of nitric oxide. The mechanisms of action of mesalazine are not yet well understood. It is an anti-inflammatory drug that inhibits factors of the inflammatory cascade (such as cyclooxygenase) and free radicals, and has an intrinsic antioxidant effect. Some recent studies confirm the efficacy of mesalazine in diverticular disease both in relief of symptoms in symptomatic uncomplicated forms and in prevention of recurrence of symptoms and main complications.
SourceAvailable from: Bruno AnnibaleDigestive and Liver Disease 03/2011; 43. DOI:10.1016/S1590-8658(11)60338-1 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diverticular disease (DD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) share a similar symptom pattern. However, comparative studies are flawed by different age at onset of symptoms. We aimed to verify whether clinical features distinguish DD from IBS. Patients with DD or IBS, matched for age and gender (1/1) were consecutively recruited. Data on demographic parameters, voluptuary habits, inheritance of disease and symptoms were collected. Moreover, the association between pain > 24 h, and clinical parameters were evaluated. Ninety patients with DD and 90 patients with IBS (DD: F/M: 46/44; age: 50.9 years; IBS: 46/44; 50.4) were selected from an overall population of 1275 patients. Only nine patients with DD (10%) fulfilled the criteria for IBS diagnosis. Abdominal pain > 24 h was more prevalent in SDD than in patients with IBS (20 vs. 6 patients; P < 0·01). Furthermore, compared with IBS, patients with DD showed more episodes of pain > 24 h requiring medical attention (80% vs. 33%; P < 0·01). Abdominal pain lasting for more than 24 h discriminates patients with DD compared with those with IBS. Identifying this symptom could be an appropriate strategy to define the diagnosis and management.European Journal of Clinical Investigation 08/2013; 43(11). DOI:10.1111/eci.12152 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diverticulosis of the colon is a common disease with an increasing incidence in Western Countries. It represents a significant burden for National Health Systems in terms of costs. Most people with diverticulosis remain asymptomatic, about one quarter of them will develop an episode of symptomatic diverticular disease and up to 5% an episode of acute diverticulitis (AD). AD shows an increasing prevalence. Recently, progresses have been reached about the etiology, pathogenesis, natural course of diverticular disease and its complications; improvements about the diagnosis and treatment of AD have been achieved. However, the treatment options are not well defined because of a lack of solid evidence: there are few systematic reviews and well conducted trials to guide decision-making in the treatment of AD and in the prevention of its recurrences. This review describes the recent evidence about diagnosis, treatment and prevention of AD. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.International Journal of Surgery (London, England) 12/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.12.012 · 1.65 Impact Factor