Preventing depression after stroke: Results from a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
ABSTRACT We designed this study to determine whether the daily treatment of nondepressed acute stroke patients with sertraline reduced the incidence of depression at follow-up.
111 patients with recent stroke (< 2 weeks; International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision criteria) were randomly assigned to treatment with placebo (N = 56) and sertraline (N = 55, 50 mg once daily) in this double-blind, placebo-controlled 24-week clinical trial. Subjects were recruited from the 2 largest teaching hospitals of Western Australia between June 2002 and June 2004. The primary endpoint of interest was development of clinically significant depressive symptoms as assessed by a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-depression subscale score of 8 or above, or as diagnosed by the treating physician during 24 weeks.
There was no significant difference in the incidence of depressive symptoms during 24 weeks of treatment (16.7% [8/48] sertraline vs. 21.6% [11/51] placebo, rate ratio = 0.8, 95% CI = 0.3 to 2.1, p = .590). The trial medication was discontinued by 51.8% (29/56) of patients assigned placebo and 47.3% (26/55) assigned sertraline (p = .634), most often because of perceived side effects or because the treating physician introduced an antidepressant medication.
Twenty-four-week treatment with 50 mg of sertraline once daily initiated within 2 weeks of onset of acute stroke is not a significantly more effective strategy to prevent 6-month depression than usual care plus placebo among nondepressed stroke patients. New pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic strategies need to be developed to reduce the health and financial burden associated with depression after stroke.
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ABSTRACT: Although numerous treatments are available to improve cerebral perfusion after acute stroke and prevent recurrent stroke, few rehabilitation treatments have been conclusively shown to improve neurologic recovery. The majority of stroke survivors with motor impairment do not recover to their functional baseline, and there remains a need for novel neurorehabilitation treatments to minimize long-term disability, maximize quality of life, and optimize psychosocial outcomes. In recent years, several novel therapies have emerged to restore motor function after stroke, and additional investigational treatments have also shown promise. Here, we familiarize the neurohospitalist with emerging treatments for poststroke motor rehabilitation. The rehabilitation treatments covered in this review will include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications, constraint-induced movement therapy, noninvasive brain stimulation, mirror therapy, and motor imagery or mental practice.04/2015; 5(2):77-88. DOI:10.1177/1941874414561023
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ABSTRACT: Depression is a common disorder in later life that is associated with increased disability and costs, and negative health outcomes over time. Antidepressant treatments in the form of medications or psychotherapy are available, but a large proportion of those treated fail to respond fully, and relapse or recurrence of symptoms is frequent among those who recover. Hence, successful prevention would avoid these negative outcomes. This paper selectively reviews currently available observational and trial data on the prevention of depression. It initially reviews risk factors associated with depression, and then discusses strategies for primary (including universal, selective and indicated), secondary and tertiary prevention. Currently available evidence suggests that selective and indicated preventive interventions are feasible and initial results look promising. Existing trial data indicate that ongoing antidepressant treatments reduce the risk of relapse and recurrence of symptoms, but benefits may not extend beyond two or three years. At this point in time, no interventions have been shown to reduce the long term complications associated with depression. Mental health professionals will need to work collaboratively to develop primary, secondary and tertiary preventive interventions that are effective at targeting relevant risk factors systematically and that can be easily adopted into clinical practice.Maturitas 10/2014; 79(2). DOI:10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.03.005 · 2.86 Impact Factor