Article

Immunohistochemical distribution of amyloid deposits in 25 cows diagnosed with systemic AA amyloidosis.

National Institute of Animal Health, Tsukuba, Japan.
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (Impact Factor: 0.88). 08/2006; 68(7):725-9. DOI:10.1292/jvms.68.725
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The distribution of amyloid deposits was histopathologically and immunohistochemically examined in 25 cows aged 5 to 10 years that had been diagnosed with systemic AA amyloidosis. This examination revealed that amyloid deposits were also present in the hypophysis, ovary, uterus, mammary gland and skeletal muscle, in addition to the liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, gastrointestinal mucosa, heart, lung and lymph nodes. The examined cows tended to have chronic inflammations, including chronic mastitis (six cases) or chronic pneumonia (four cases), which is thought of as a causative agent of AA amyloidosis. In contrast, five cases did not exhibit any chronic inflammation.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
56 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the experimental transmission of amyloid protein A (AA) amyloidosis with amyloid-enhancing factor has been studied intensively, its pathogenesis remains obscure. We previously found that rabbits affected with 'sore hocks' (SH) uniquely developed AA amyloidosis in response to primary inflammatory stimulation followed by the administration of bovine AA fibrils. However, it is unknown why only the rabbits with preexisting SH developed experimental AA amyloidosis. There may be hidden factors in the SH status that stimulate the mechanism of cross-species transmission of AA amyloidosis. To examine the essential factors in the development of experimental AA amyloidosis in SH-affected rabbits, we studied the etiology of SH in rabbits pathologically and bacteriologically. In addition, we developed artificial SH symptoms in normal rabbits by use of an adjuvant prepared from Staphylococcus aureus (StA) isolated from a spontaneous SH-affected rabbit, and we evaluated the incidence of AA amyloidosis in rabbits with or without experimental SH symptoms. We found that StA administration was extremely efficient at stimulating the induction of experimental AA amyloidosis, and the influence of SH was required. We found that the persistent S. aureus infection in SH facilitates the development of experimental AA amyloidosis in rabbits and that the inflammatory stimulation provided by SH acts as an additional accelerator in experimental AA amyloidosis.
    Amyloid: the international journal of experimental and clinical investigation: the official journal of the International Society of Amyloidosis 09/2011; 18(3):112-8. · 2.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amyloidosis describes a group of protein folding diseases in which amyloid proteins are abnormally deposited in organs and/or tissues as fine fibrils. Mouse senile amyloidosis is a disorder in which apolipoprotein A-II (apoA-II) deposits as amyloid fibrils (AApoAII) and can be transmitted from one animal to another both by the feces and milk excreted by mice with amyloidosis. Thus, mouse AApoAII amyloidosis has been demonstrated to be a "transmissible disease". In this study, to further characterize the transmissibility of amyloidosis, AApoAII amyloid fibrils were injected into transgenic Apoa2(c)Tg(+/-) and normal R1.P1-Apoa2(c) mice to induce AApoAII systemic amyloidosis. Two months later, AApoAII amyloid deposits were found in the skeletal muscles of amyloid-affected mice, primarily in the blood vessels and in the interstitial tissues surrounding muscle fibers. When amyloid fibrils extracted from the skeletal muscles were subjected to Western blot analysis, apoA-II was detected. Amyloid fibril fractions isolated from the muscles not only demonstrated the structure of amyloid fibrils but could also induce amyloidosis in young mice depending on its fibril conformation. These findings present a possible pathogenesis of amyloidosis: transmission of amyloid fibril conformation through muscle, and shed new light on the etiology involved in amyloid disorders.
    PLoS Pathogens 05/2010; 6(5):e1000914. · 8.14 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In bovine amyloid protein A (AA) amyloidosis, amyloid deposits are typically observed in the kidney and spleen at necropsy. To determine the distribution of amyloid deposits in cows affected with AA amyloidosis, we examined organs known to be sites of amyloid deposits that are also processed for human consumption in 14 cows: 11 with typical clinical symptoms (typical amyloidosis) and three with no typical clinical symptoms (atypical amyloidosis). We found unusually high amounts of amyloid deposits in the tongue and other organs in all 14 cows regardless of the presence or absence of clinical amyloidosis symptoms. Cows with typical amyloidosis had heavier amyloid deposits in the spleen and renal glomeruli than cows with atypical amyloidosis. From clinical symptoms and histological examinations, we found that cows with typical and atypical amyloidosis can be classified into two groups, class I and class II, according to the presence or absence of heavy amyloid deposits in the spleen and renal glomeruli. However, no significant differences were observed between the amyloid fibrils of class I and class II amyloidosis by electron microscopy and Western blot analysis.
    Amyloid: the international journal of experimental and clinical investigation: the official journal of the International Society of Amyloidosis 12/2011; 19(1):15-20. · 2.12 Impact Factor