Modulation of HER2 expression by ferulic acid on human breast cancer MCF7 cells.
ABSTRACT The molecular mechanisms underlying the mitogenic effect of ferulic acid (FA), an active compound derived from Angelica sinensis, have never been elucidated. It was the aim of this study to investigate the proliferative effect of FA on human breast cancer cell lines and to elucidate its modulation mechanism on HER2 expression in MCF7 line.
By using MCF7 (oestrogen receptor-positive; ER+, HER2-low), BT474 (ER+, HER2-high), MDAMB231 (ER-, HER2-low) and SKBR3 (ER-, HER2-high) human breast cancer cell lines as in vitro models, the mitogenic effects of FA were assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion assay and DNA flow cytometry. Ferulic acid-modulated cell signalling and HER2 gene expression were evaluated in MCF7 line by Western blot and real-time RT-PCR analysis.
Ferulic acid ER-dependently stimulated cell proliferation on MCF7 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The HER2 oncogene (one of the prognostic factors of breast cancer) and ESR1 gene (oestrogen receptor-alpha; ERalpha) transcription were markedly up-regulated by FA treatment. Besides, HER2 signalling and its downstream molecules such as AKT and ERK1/2 were involved in FA-modulated ERalpha and cyclin D1 synthesis. Addition of anti-HER2 antibody, trastuzumab, abrogated FA-enhanced proliferative effect on MCF7 cells, indicated a positive feedback control for the action of HER2 in this setting. The fact that the ER antagonist blocked most of the FA-up-regulated HER2 expression, and that trastuzumab down-regulated ERalpha gene expression, suggested a cross-talk between ERalpha and HER2 signalling on MCF7 cells.
The authors' conclude that FA causes human breast cancer cell proliferation by up-regulation of HER2 and ERalpha expression.
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ABSTRACT: Aim. Our aim the was to screen the commonly used Chinese herbs in order to detect changes in ERBB2 and ESR1 gene expression using MCF-7 cells. Methods. Using the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line, cell cytotoxicity and proliferation were evaluated by MTT and trypan blue exclusion assays, respectively. A luciferase reporter assay was established by transient transfecting MCF-7 cells with plasmids containing either the ERBB2 or the ESR1 promoter region linked to the luciferase gene. Chinese herbal extracts were used to treat the cells at 24 h after transfection, followed by measurement of their luciferase activity. The screening results were verified by Western blotting to measure HER2 and ER α protein expression. Results. At concentrations that induced little cytotoxicity, thirteen single herbal extracts and five compound recipes were found to increase either ERBB2 or ESR1 luciferase activity. By Western blotting, Si-Wu-Tang, Kuan-Shin-Yin, and Suan-Tsao-Ren-Tang were found to increase either HER2 or ER α protein expression. In addition, Ligusticum chuanxiong was shown to have a great effect on ERBB2 gene expression and synergistically with estrogen to stimulate MCF-7 cell growth. Conclusion. Our results provide important information that should affect clinical treatment strategies among breast cancer patients who are receiving hormonal or targeted therapies.Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 05/2014; 2014:965486. DOI:10.1155/2014/965486 · 2.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We recently reported that low NM23-H1 expression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) correlated with poor patients' prognosis. Growing evidence has indicated that high tumor NM23-H1 expression contributes to a good response to chemotherapy. Therefore, we investigated the role of NM23-H1 in susceptibility of HNSCC cells to cisplatin and its clinical significance, as well as the in vitro study for validation was performed. Using immunohistochemistry, we analyzed NM23-H1 expression in surgical specimens from 46 HNSCC patients with cervical metastases receiving surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Low tumor NM23-H1 expression correlated with locoregional recurrence of HNSCC following postoperative cisplatin-based therapy (p = 0.056) and poor patient prognosis (p = 0.001). To validate the clinical observation and the effect of NM23-H1 on cisplatin cytotoxicity, we established several stable clones derived from a human HNSCC cell line (SAS) by knockdown and overexpression. Knockdown of NM23-H1 attenuated the chemosensitivity of SAS cells to cisplatin, which was associated with reduced cisplatin-induced S-phase accumulation and downregulation of cyclin E1 and A. Overexpression of NM23-H1 reversed these results, indicating the essential role of NM23-H1 in treatment response to cisplatin. NM23-H1 may participate in HNSCC cell responses to cisplatin and be considered a potential therapeutic target.Oncotarget 09/2014; 5(17):7392-405. · 6.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fibrosarcoma belongs to the sarcoma cancer group, which are spindle cell malignancies of mesenchymal origin, and owe their name to the predominant cell line that is present within the tumor. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complicated structure that surrounds and supports cells within tissues. Its main components are proteoglycans, collagens, glycoproteins, hyaluronan (HA), and several matrix-degrading enzymes. During cancer progression, significant changes can be observed in the structural and mechanical properties of ECM components. The ECM provides a physical scaffold to which tumor cells attach and migrate. Thus, it is required for key cellular events such as cell motility, adhesion, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. Importantly, fibrosarcomas were shown to have a high content and turnover of ECM components including HA, proteoglycans, collagens, fibronectin, and laminin. In this review, we will focus on the HA component of fibrosarcoma ECM and critically discuss its role and involved mechanisms during fibrosarcoma pathogenesis.Advances in Cancer Research 01/2014; 123:319-49. DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-800092-2.00012-5 · 4.26 Impact Factor