“If It Hurts You, Then It Is Not a Joke”

Department of Psychology, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence (Impact Factor: 1.64). 10/2006; 21(9):1191-207. DOI: 10.1177/0886260506290423
Source: PubMed


This study examined adolescents' ideas about girls' and boys' use and experience of physical and psychological abuse in heterosexual dating relationships. Canadian high school students who were enrolled in Grades 9 and 11 took part in single-gender focus groups. Eight themes emerged from the analysis. The themes highlight the importance teenagers place on context for defining specific behaviors as abusive. They also underscore gender differences in the criteria adolescents use to make these judgments, in the forms of abusive behavior teenagers typically use in a dating relationship, and in the reasons for youths' declining use of physical abuse and increasing use of psychological abuse. These views have important implications for future research and for programs targeting adolescent dating violence.

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    • "Similarly, it is observed that teenagers lack information on support services and professional resources and they might also distrust professional services, want to keep the abuse a secret, remain autonomous or fear retaliation from the perpetrator if they talk (Crisma et al., 2004; Vynckier, 2012). Apart from this, and not unlike adult victims of intimate partner violence, embarrassment prevents teenagers from disclosing DV (Sears et al., 2006). Another important reason why teenagers do not disclose DV is that they do not necessarily label certain behaviors as improper or unhealthy (Fernet, 2005; Van Camp et al., 2013) and 2 This double dark figure of crime reinforces the value of specific self-report research into teen DV (which has been found to be a reliable method to record youth violence (see for instance Rosenblatt, Furlong, 1997; Koss, Gidycz, 1985; Brener et al., 2002; Denniston et al., 2010) as well as data triangulation. "

    Temida 03/2015; 17(4):43-64. DOI:10.2298/TEM1404043H
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    • "Gender effects vary depending upon whether the aggression is physical or psychological. Sears et al. (2006), in a qualitative study of adolescents' perceptions of physical and psychological aggression, reported a variety of themes that arose from the adolescents' discussions about physical and psychological aggression . The adolescents perceived that boys use physical aggression more than girls—because they have to control their emotions and eventually " explode. "
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    ABSTRACT: The present research examines the impact of type of aggression (physical/ psychological) and type of dyad (male aggressor/ female victim and female aggressor/ male victim) on perceptions of a conflict scenario and its combatants. Participants read scenarios depicting a conflict between a married heterosexual couple and reported their impressions of the aggressiveness of the encounter and of the aggressor and victim. Physical aggression was evaluated more negatively (both in terms of the encounter and its combatants) than psychological aggression. Male to female violence was judged more harshly (both in terms of the aggressiveness of the encounter and impressions of the combatants) than female to male violence. Study 2 extended Study 1, assessing the relationship of experience with physical and psychological aggression on perceptions. The results from Study 1 were replicated. Contrary to predictions, experience with physical and psychological aggression did not consistently relate to perceptions of these types of aggression.
    Journal of Family Violence 01/2015; 30(1):13. DOI:10.1007/s10896-014-9645-y · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    • "Consistent with prior literature (O'Leary & Slep, 2012), findings from this study indicate that girls' perpetration rates for physical violence (22%) are higher than their rates of victimization (16%). Counter to extant research (Sears et al., 2006), girls' rates of emotional violence perpetration (34%) were lower than their rates of victimization (39%). In addition, consistent with prior literature (O'Leary & Slep, 2012; Vézina & Hébert, 2007), most girls who reported experiencing victimization or engaging in violence against a partner reported mutual violence. "
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the role social support may play in reducing the risk of adolescent dating violence perpetration and victimization. This study is a longitudinal analysis of the independent impact of social support from friends and parents on the risk of emotional and physical dating violence perpetration and victimization among a large sample of female youth (n = 346). Findings indicate that 22% of the sample indicated perpetrating physical dating violence against a partner while almost 16% revealed being the victim of physical dating violence; 34% of the sample indicated perpetrating emotional dating violence against a partner while almost 39% revealed being the victim of emotional dating violence. Negative binomial regression models indicated that increased levels of support from friends at time one was associated with significantly less physical and emotional dating violence perpetration and emotional (but not physical) dating violence victimization at time two. Parental support was not significantly related to dating violence in any model. Implications for dating violence curriculum and future research are addressed.
    Violence and Victims 04/2014; 29(2):317-331. DOI:10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-12-00141R1 · 1.28 Impact Factor
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