Although ossiculoplasty, also known as ossicular chain reconstruction (OCR), was attempted initially in the early 1900s, it was not until the 1950s that it became commonplace and relatively well understood. Since then, there have been numerous technologic advances and a gain in the understanding of ossiculoplasty. However, successful OCR with resulting long-term stability can be a daunting task. Typically, the most common condition requiring revision OCR is chronic suppurative otitis media (COM) with or without cholesteatoma. Primary and revision OCR are performed also for blunt and penetrating trauma-induced conductive hearing loss, congenital defects (eg, atresia), and benign and malignant tumors. Typically, reconstruction in ears with COM is more difficult than in ears without infection. This article discusses the key factors involved in successful revision OCR.
"Aside from the residual microscopic cholesteatoma disease, once modified, the malleus or incus might not be long enough, particularly in total ossiculoplasty . Homografts were one of the first reconstructive options but later fell out of favor due to the increased resorption and possible infectious transmission . Although these grafts could be treated with autoclaving or formaldehyde to eliminate the risk of cholesteatoma or infectious transmission, these processes created a greater burden in using homografts. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective. Evaluate a porous polyethylene prosthesis with two-point stabilization in total ossiculoplasty. This approach utilizes a lateral as well as a medial graft to stabilize a total ossicular prosthesis (TOP). Study Design. Retrospective cohort review of total ossiculoplasty. Methods. All patients who underwent total ossiculoplasty during the years 2004-2007 were included in the study group. Only five patients (10%) had primary surgery whereas 45 (90%) underwent revision surgery. Cartilage grafts covering the prosthesis (Sheehy, Xomed) laterally were used in all patients with areolar tissue being used for medial stabilization at the stapes footplate. Follow-up examination and audiometrics were performed a mean of 8.1 months following surgery. Results. The percentage of patients closing their ABG to within 10 dB was 44% with 66% closing their ABG to within 20 dB. The mean four-frequency hearing gain was 15.7 dB. The mean postoperative ABG was 15.7 dB. Conclusion. Audiometric results following total ossiculoplasty surgery using two-point stabilization exceeded results from the otologic literature. Proper two-point fixation with areolar tissue and stabilization utilizing cartilage were the keys to achieving a relatively high percentage of success in chronic ear disease in this sample.
International Journal of Otolaryngology 08/2012; 2012:346260. DOI:10.1155/2012/346260
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In ossiculoplasty with intact stapes, using autologous incus, cortex bone chips and plastipore partial ossicular reconstruction prostheses, improvement in hearing was nearly equal. In patients who had mild risk scores, the incus had better gain values compared with patients who had severe scores.
We aimed to prove the utility of the middle ear risk index score and its predictive value in hearing outcome. We also evaluated hearing results for different reconstruction materials.
This was a retrospective chart review of 189 patients who had ossiculoplasty with intact stapes using autologous incus, cortex bone chips and plastipore partial ossicular reconstruction prostheses. Hearing outcomes and the average improvement in hearing with different reconstruction materials were analysed by using middle ear risk index scores.
The average hearing improvements for incus, cortex and partial ossicular reconstruction prostheses were 12.77±14.58 (p<0.001), 12.34±15.98 (p=0.005) and 14.10±13.87 dB (p<0.001), respectively. The postoperative air-bone gap levels were 20.42±14.54 dB in incus, 17.33±16.86 dB in cortex and 17.59±11.66 dB in partial ossicular reconstruction prostheses. When the preoperative middle ear risk index scores and postoperative air-bone gap and gain values were compared, in the incus group, statistically significant associations were demonstrated between scores and hearing outcomes (p=0.009).
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