Article

Using video modeling to teach complex social sequences to children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 678-693

School of Health Sciences and Social Care, Brunel University, Uxbridge, Middlesex, UB8 3PH, England.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (Impact Factor: 3.34). 05/2007; 37(4):678-93. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0195-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study comprised of two experiments was designed to teach complex social sequences to children with autism. Experimental control was achieved by collecting data using means of within-system design methodology. Across a number of conditions children were taken to a room to view one of the four short videos of two people engaging in a simple sequence of activities. Then, each child's behavior was assessed in the same room. Results showed that this video modeling procedure enhanced the social initiation skills of all children. It also facilitated reciprocal play engagement and imitative responding of a sequence of behaviors, in which social initiation was not included. These behavior changes generalized across peers and maintained after a 1- and 2-month follow-up period.

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    • "The maintenance of newly acquired social skills over time is an important consideration for social skills training, yet assessment of maintenance of skill acquisition is rarely examined in treatment studies or clinical programs, calling into question how beneficial these programs are in the fullness of time (Kasari & Locke, 2011; White et al., 2007). Although there have been some follow-up studies of social skills interventions for school-age children with assessments ranging from 2 weeks to 9 months postintervention (Barry et al., 2003; Beaumont & Sofronoff, 2008; Bock, 2007; Castorina & Negri, 2011; DeRosier & Marcus, 2005; Frankel et al., 2010; Gena, Couloura, & Kymissis, 2005; Laushey & Heflin, 2000; Nikopoulos & Keenan, 2007; O'Connor & Healy, 2010; Sansosti & Powell-Smith, 2006; Wood et al., 2009), the literature for adolescents is much more limited. Only two follow-up studies of social skills training for adolescents with ASD appear to exist. "
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    • "Video modeling is a technique in which a model demonstrates a desired behavior for a student with ASD to imitate or to analyze inappropriate behaviors. Video modeling has been effective in teaching conversation skills (Charlop and Milstein 1989), play-related comments (Taylor et al. 1999) and social initiations (Haymes 1995; Nikopoulos and Keenan 2007). For example, Charlop-Christy et al. (2010) demonstrated that video modeling resulted in appropriate verbal comments, intonation, gestures, and facial expressions during social interactions by students with ASD. "
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    • "Video modeling is an intervention in which a video of an adult, another child, or oneself demonstrating desired behaviors or skills is shown to a target individual (see Bellini & Akullian, 2007 for a review). Researchers have used video modeling to teach play skills (Blum-Dimaya, Reeve, Reeve, & Hoch, 2010; Boudreau & D'Entremont, 2010; Hine & Wolery, 2006; MacDonald, Sacramone, Mansfield, Wiltz, & Ahearn, 2009; Nikopoulos & Keenan, 2007; Palechka & MacDonald, 2010; Paterson & Arco, 2007; Reagon, Higbee, & Endicott, 2006; Sancho, Sidener, Reeve, & Sidener, 2010), self-help skills (Bidwell & Rehfeldt, 2004; Cannella-Malone et al., 2011; Mechling, Gast, & Gustafson, 2009; Rosenberg, Schwartz, & Davis, 2010; Shipley-Benamou, Lutzker, & Taubman, 2002), social skills (Buggey, Hoomes, Sherberger, & Williams, 2011; Tetreault & Lerman, 2010), imitation skills (Cardon & Wilcox, 2011; Kleeberger & Mirenda, 2010), conversation skills (Scattone, 2008), iPod use (Hammond, Whatley, Ayres, & Gast, 2010; Kagohara, 2011), vocational skills (Allen, Wallace, & Renes, 2010), transition skills (Cihak, 2011; Cihak & Ayres, 2010; Cihak, Fahrenkrog, Ayres, & Smith, 2010), and reading skills (Marcus & Wilder, 2009). Video modeling has been effective with children with autism, perhaps because they often enjoy watching videos. "
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