A method for extracting RNA from dormant and germinating Bacillus subtilis strain 168 endospores.
ABSTRACT RNA was extracted from dormant and germinating Bacillus subtilis 168 spores (intact spores and chemically decoated spores) by using rapid rupture followed by acid-phenol extraction. Spore germination progress was monitored by assaying colony forming ability before and after heat shock and by reading the optical density at 600 nm. The purity, yield, and composition of the extracted RNA were determined spectrophotometrically from the ratio of absorption at 260 nm to that at 280 nm; in a 2100 BioAnalyzer, giving the RNA yield/10(8) spores or cells and the distribution pattern of rRNA components. The method reported here for the extraction of RNA from dormant spores, as well as during different phases of germination and outgrowth, has proven to be fast, efficient and simple to handle. RNA of a high purity was obtained from dormant spores and during all phases of germination and growth. There was a significant increase in RNA yield during the transition from dormant spores to germination and subsequent outgrowth. Chemically decoated spores were retarded in germination and outgrowth compared with intact spores, and less RNA was extracted; however, the differences were not significant. This method for RNA isolation of dormant, germinating, and outgrowing bacterial endospores is a valuable prerequisite for gene expression studies, especially in studies on the responses of spores to hostile environmental conditions.
Article: UV-radiation-induced formation of DNA bipyrimidine photoproducts in Bacillus subtilis endospores and their repair during germination.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The spore photoproduct (SP) is the main DNA lesion after UV-C irradiation, and its repair is crucial for the resistance of spores to UV. The aims of the present study were to assess the formation and repair of bipyrimidine photoproducts in spore DNA of various Bacillus subtilis strains using a sensitive HPLC tandem mass spectrometry assay. Strains deficient in nucleotide excision repair, spore photoproduct lyase, homologous recombination (recA), and with wild-type repair capability were investigated. Additionally, one strain deficient in the formation of major small, acid-soluble spore proteins (SASPs) was tested. In all SASP wild-type strains, UV-C irradiation generated almost exclusively SP (>95 %) but also a few by-photoproducts. In the major SASP-deficient strain, SP and by-photoproducts were generated in equal quantities. The status time of 60 min, >75% of the SP was repaired in wild-type strains and in the SASP-deficient strain, while half of the photoinduced SP was removed in the recA-deficient strain. SP-lyase-deficient spores repaired 20% of the SP produced. Thus, SP lyase, with respect to nucleotide excision repair, has a remarkable impact on the removal of SP upon spore germination.International Microbiology 03/2007; 10(1):39-46. · 1.80 Impact Factor