First results with the trochanter fixation nail (TFN): a report on 120 cases.
ABSTRACT A complication rate between 4-18% for the conventional osteosynthesis of the proximal femur fracture continues to be unacceptable even if increasing age and co-morbidity of patients are taken into account. Therefore, new intramedullary techniques are under development, and we here report our results with the novel trochanteric fixation nail (TFN). During the study period (March 2003-February 2004) all patients with a trochanteric fracture Type A1-A3 (AO/ASIF classification) were eligible for the study, and 120 patients (mean age 81 years, range 47-100; male/female 1:4) subsequently enrolled. Most frequent was the (according to the AO classification) A.2.1. type of fracture (n=39) and the A.2.2. fracture (n= 39). Operation time from cut to stitch was 45 mins (minimal 21/maximal 194). Thirty-seven (31%) postoperative X-rays were classified as very good, 60 (50%) as good, 18 (15%) as satisfying and five (4%) as bad post-reposition results according to the Garden Alignment Index. The clinical results were documented by the time of hospital stay, postoperative mobilization and time of rehabilitation compared to the old social status. Time to hospital discharge was 17 days (9 /25). Overall complication rate was 7.5% (9 patients) with 5.8%  local wound infection; 1.6%  cutting out of the helical blade through the cortex of the femoral head. We had three (2.5%) hospital deaths in our patient group. We conclude that TFN is a safe and reliable technique. Compared with techniques like PFN and Gamma-nail, clinical results are excellent with less complications.
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ABSTRACT: The importance of the tip-apex distance (TAD) to predict the risk of a cut-out of fixed angle hip implants has been widely discussed in the scientific literature. Intra-operative determination of TAD is difficult and can be hampered by image quality, body habitus, and image projection. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate, through a cadaveric study, a novel computer assisted surgery system (ADAPT), which is intended for intraoperative optimisation of lag screw positioning during antegrade femoral nailing. A 3D measure for optimal lag screw position, the tip-to-head-surface distance (TSD) in 3D space, is introduced.BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 05/2014; 15(1):189. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Trochanteric Fixation Nail System (TFN) was designed with a helical blade to improve resistance to cutout. We evaluated the incidence, modes, and predictors of failure for intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with this device. A retrospective review of 341 intertrochanteric hip fractures treated with the TFN was conducted. Fractures were classified from the injury films using the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen/Orthopedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) classification, and quality of reduction and hardware placement was evaluated on the initial postoperative films. Two hundred twenty-three patients met inclusion criteria. The overall rate of mechanical complications was 20.5%. Twenty-one patients (9.4%) had excessive lateral migration of the helical blade (≥10 mm). Fifteen patients (6.7%) had blade migration in the head, including 7 patients (3.1%) with typical cutout and 8 patients (3.6%) with medial perforation without loss of reduction. Three patients (1.3%) sustained a femoral shaft fracture at the tip of the nail. The quality of calcar reduction was significantly predictive of all modes of failure (p < 0.05), except femoral shaft fracture at the nail tip. The most common mechanical complication was lateral migration of the helical blade; however, this rarely led to a clinical problem. Medial migration of the blade in the head without loss of reduction was the second most frequent complication. We have identified a new complication associated with the TFN, that is, medial perforation without loss of reduction. Blade migration in the head was less frequent when blades were placed inferiorly with a tip-apex distance of at least 15 mm. Therapeutic study, level IV.The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 08/2013; 75(2):304-10.
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ABSTRACT: Unstable proximal femoral fractures are common and challenging for the orthopaedic surgeon. Often, these are treated with intramedullary nails. The most common mode of failure of any device to treat these fractures is cut-out. The Synthes proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) is unique because it is the only proximal femoral intramedullary nail which employs a helical blade in lieu of a lag screw. The optimal tip-apex distance is 25 mm or less for a dynamic hip screw. The optimal blade tip placement is not known for the PFNA.Aim: The aim of this study is to determine if the traditional tip-apex distance rule (<25 mm) applies to the PFNA. A retrospective study of all proximal femoral fractures treated with the PFNA in Western Australian public teaching hospitals between August 2006 and October 2007 was performed. Cases were identified from company and theatre implant use records. Patient demographic data was obtained from hospital records. Fractures were classified according to Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesefragen/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation. Fracture reduction, distal locking type and blade position within the head (tip-apex distance and Cleveland zone) were recorded from the intraoperative and immediate postoperative radiographs. Postoperative radiographs obtained in the routine treatment of patients were studied for review looking primarily for cut-out. Clinical outcomes were measured with the Oxford hip score. One hundred eighty-eight PFNAs were implanted during the study period, with 178 cases included in this study. Ninety-seven patients could be followed up clinically. There were 18 surgical implant-related failures (19%). The single most common mode of failure was cut-out in six cases (6.2%). Three cut-outs (two medial perforation and one varus collapse) occurred with tip-apex distance (TAD) less than 20 mm. There was no cut-out in cases where the TAD was from 20--30 mm. There were three implant-related failures (nail fracture, missed nail and loose locking screw), four implant-related femoral fractures, two non-unions, two delayed unions and one loss of reduction. The PFNA is a suitable fixation device for the treatment of unstable proximal femoral fractures. There were still a relatively large number of cut-outs, and the tip-apex distance in the failures showed a bimodal distribution, not like previously demonstrated with dynamic hip screw. We propose that the helical blade behaves differently to a screw, and placement too close to the subchondral bone may lead to penetration through the head.Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 10/2013; 8(1):35. · 1.01 Impact Factor