Article

The hepatopulmonary syndrome.

University of Alabama at Birmingham Liver Center, MCLM 290, 1918, University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.
Journal of Hepatology (Impact Factor: 10.4). 11/2006; 45(4):617-25. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2006.07.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a pulmonary complication of cirrhosis and/or portal hypertension whereby patients develop hypoxemia as a result of alterations in pulmonary microvascular tone and architecture. HPS occurs in up to 30% of patients with cirrhosis. Although the degree of hypoxemia does not reliably correlate with the severity of liver disease, patients with HPS have a higher mortality than do patients with cirrhosis without the disorder. There has been progress into defining the mechanisms that lead to hypoxemia in HPS, but to date there are no therapeutic options for HPS aside from liver transplantation.

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