Stromal differences in salivary gland tumors of a common histopathogenesis but with different biological behavior: a study with picrosirius red and polarizing microscopy.
ABSTRACT Salivary gland neoplasms - pleomorphic adenoma, polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma - share a common histogenetic trait, but differ markedly in their biological properties. The objective of the study was to assess the polarization colors of picrosirius red-stained stromal collagen fibers in these salivary gland neoplasms to evaluate their possible role in the histopathogenesis of the tumors and to evaluate the potential usefulness of this approach as a diagnostic tool. Ten cases of each tumor type and 10 cases of mucous extravasation phenomenon (control) were examined using picrosirius red staining and polarizing microscopy. In each case, at least 50 thin ( approximately 0.8 microm) and 50 thick (1.6-2.4 microm) collagen fibers were counted and classified as green-yellow or yellow-orange, the mean percentage was calculated and statistical differences analyzed by one-way ANOVA. Results showed a similar thin fiber distribution in all tumor types and controls (82-88% green-yellow, 12-18% yellow-orange, p>0.05). Thick fibers showed a different distribution in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma (approximately 50% green-yellow) compared to pleomorphic adenoma and mucous extravasation phenomenon (approximately 13% green-yellow) (p=0.001). Thick fiber distribution was similar in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma (p>0.05). We conclude that with picrosirius red staining and polarizing microscopy, stromal collagen fibers differ significantly in pleomorphic adenoma from those in polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma, but not from mucous extravasation phenomenon. Similarity between polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma may indicate that these tumor types represent a single entity with a broad spectrum of biological behavior.
Article: The effect of proteoglycans inhibited by RNA interference on metastatic characters of human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is one of the most common malignancies of salivary gland. Recurrence or/and early metastasis is its biological properties. In SACC, neoplastic myoepithelial cells secrete proteoglycans unconventionally full of the cribriform or tubular and glandular structures of SACC. Literatures have demonstrated that extracellular matrix provided an essential microenvironment for the biological behavior of SACC. However, there is rare study of the effect of proteoglycans on the potential metastasis of SACC.In this study, human xylosyltransferase-I (XTLY-I) gene, which catalyzes the rate-limited step of proteoglycans biosynthesis, was knocked down by RNA interference (RNAi) to inhibit the proteoglycans biosynthesis in SACC cell line with high tendency of lung metastasis (SACC-M). The impact of down-regulated proteoglycans on the metastasis characters of SACC-M cells was analyzed and discussed. This research could provide a new idea for the clinical treatment of SACC. The eukaryotic expression vector of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting XTLY-I gene was constructed and transfected into SACC-M cells. A stably transfectant cell line named SACC-M-WJ4 was isolated. The XTLY-I expression was measured by real-time PCR and Western blot; the reduction of proteoglycans was measured. The invasion and metastasis of SACC-M-WJ4 cells were detected; the effect of down-regulated proteoglycans on the potential lung metastasis of nude mice was observed, respectively. The shRNA plasmid targeting XTLY-I gene showed powerful efficiency of RNAi. The mRNA level of target gene decreased by 86.81%, the protein level was decreased by 80.10%, respectively. The silence of XTLY-I gene resulted in the reduction of proteoglycans significantly in SACC-M-WJ4 cells. The inhibitory rate of proteoglycans was 58.17% (24 h), 66.06% (48 h), 57.91% (72 h), 59.36% (96 h), and 55.65% (120 h), respectively. The reduction of proteoglycans suppressed the adhesion, invasion and metastasis properties of SACC-M cells, and decreased the lung metastasis of SACC-M cells markedly either. The data suggested that the silence of XTLY-I gene in SACC-M cells could suppress proteoglycans biosynthesis and secretion significantly. The reduction of proteoglycans inhibited cell adhesion, invasion and metastasis of SACC-M cells. There is a close relationship between proteoglycans and the biological behavior of SACC.BMC Cancer 12/2009; 9:456. · 3.01 Impact Factor
Article: Spice up the hypertension diet - curcumin and piperine prevent remodeling of aorta in experimental L-NAME induced hypertension.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT: Increase of blood pressure is accompanied by functional and morphological changes in the vascular wall. The presented study explored the effects of curcuma and black pepper compounds on increased blood pressure and remodeling of aorta in the rat model of experimental NO-deficient hypertension. Wistar rats were administered for 6 weeks clear water or L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day) dissolved in water, piperine (20 mg/kg/day), curcumin (100 mg/kg/day) or their combination in corn oil by oral gavage. The systolic blood pressure was measured weekly. Histological slices of thoracic aorta were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Mallory's phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin (PTAH), orcein, picrosirius red and van Gieson staining and with antibodies against smooth muscle cells actin. Microscopic pictures were digitally processed and morphometrically evaluated. The increase of blood pressure caused by L-NAME was partially prevented by piperine and curcumin, but the effect of their combination was less significant. Animals with hypertension had increased wall thickness and cross-sectional area of the aorta, accompanied by relative increase of PTAH positive myofibrils and decrease of elastin, collagen and actin content. Piperine was able to decrease the content of myofibrils and slightly increase actin, while curcumin also prevented elastin decrease. The combination of spices had similar effects on aortic morphology as curcumin itself. Administration of piperine or curcumin, less their combination, is able to partially prevent the increase of blood pressure caused by chronic L-NAME administration. The spices modify the remodeling of the wall of the aorta induced by hypertension. Our results show that independent administration of curcumin is more effective in preventing negative changes in blood vessel morphology accompanying hypertensive disease.Nutrition & Metabolism 01/2011; 8:72. · 2.88 Impact Factor