A retrovirus-based system to stably silence hepatitis B virus genes by RNA interference.
ABSTRACT RNA interference (RNAi) might be an efficient antiviral therapy for some obstinate illness. Herein, a retrovirus-based RNAi system was developed to drive expression and delivery of Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in HepG2 cells. The levels of HBsAg and HBeAg and that of HBV mRNA were dramatically decreased by this RNAi system in HepG2 cells transfected with Topo-HBV plasmid. Retrovirus-based RNAi thus may be useful for therapy in HBV and other viral infections and provide new clues for prophylactic vaccine development.
- SourceAvailable from: Estelle Chiari[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular (CCC) DNA is the source of HBV transcripts and persistence in chronically infected patients. The novel aspect of this study was to determine the effect of RNA interference (RNAi) on HBV CCC DNA when administered prior to establishment of HBV replication or during chronic HBV infection. HBV replication was initiated in HepG2 cells by transduction with HBV baculovirus. Subculture of HBV-expressing HepG2 cells at 10 days post-transduction generates a system in which HBV replication is ongoing and HBV is expressed largely from CCC DNA, thus simulating chronic HBV infection. HepG2 cells were transduced with short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-expressing baculovirus prior to initiation of HBV replication or during chronic HBV replication, and the levels of HBV RNA, HBV surface antigens (HBsAg) and replicative intermediates (RI), extracellular (EC) and CCC DNA species were measured. HBsAg, HBV RNA and DNA levels were markedly reduced until day 8 whether cells were transduced with shRNA prior to or during a chronic infection; however, the CCC DNA species were only affected when shRNA was administered prior to initiation of infection. We conclude that RNAi may have a therapeutic value for controlling HBV replication at the level of RI and EC DNA and for reducing establishment of CCC DNA during HBV infection. Our data support previous findings demonstrating the stability of HBV CCC DNA following antiviral therapy. This study also reports the development of a novel HBV baculovirus subculture system that can be used to evaluate antiviral effects on chronic HBV replication.Journal of General Virology 02/2009; 90(Pt 1):115-26. DOI:10.1099/vir.0.004408-0 · 3.53 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, the effect of RNAi on HBV replication was observed in a cell culture model, HepG2 2.2.15 cell line, which supports human HBV ayw replication and expression. Aim of the study was to investigate effects of shRNAs (small hairpin RNAs) targeting hepatitis B virus mRNAs on the viral replication in HepG2 2.2.15 cells. We selected three target HBV mRNA regions with different putative secondary structures to test whether the secondary structure of RNA may affect the inhibition efficacy on the target HBV RNA. Three HBV-specific siRNAs (small interfering RNA) were designed targeting X (1689-1708), Core (2229-2248) and S (765-784 nt) transcripts. HepG2 2.2.15 cells were transfected with shRNA expressing plasmids, P765, P2229 and P1689 targeting S, core and X region, respectively or a mock plasmid targeting lacZ gene. The culture media was collected throughout six days after transfection and analyzed by real-time PCR. Viral DNA production was suppressed for 7 days. The HBV DNA levels were decreased by 73, 72 and 79% with P765, P2229 and P1689 vectors, respectively. In conclusion, the shRNAs designed for X, core and S regions, specifically and significantly suppressed HBV DNA. siRNAs potentially may be used in treatment of hepatitis B.Archives of Virology 02/2007; 152(5):871-9. DOI:10.1007/s00705-006-0918-5 · 2.28 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: RNA interference (RNAi) is a RNA dependent gene silencing mechanism which includes endogenously induced gene silencing effects of miRNA as well as silencing triggered by foreign dsRNA. The dsRNA binds with a protein complex DICER which cleaves it into short fragments with a few unpaired overhung bases at both ends. The short dsRNA fragments (SiRNA) or miRNA integrate with another active protein complex RISC. Consequently, one of the RNA strands (anti-guide strand) is degraded while the other is selected as a guide strand which remains bound to RISC complex. When a complementary mRNA is located by an RISC bound guide strand, it binds to it and is cleaved and degraded. The RNAi offers a new technology in healthcare and crop improvement.