A review of sodium fluoride varnish

University of Hong Kong.
General dentistry 07/2006; 54(4):247-53.
Source: PubMed


Fluoride varnish was incorporated into clinical dentistry to reduce caries; its use in the U.S. has increased progressively since it was approved by the FDA in 1994. This paper reviewed clinical studies and found that fluoride varnish's effectiveness in caries prevention, ease of application, and safety give it an advantage over other types of topical fluoride treatments (such as gels and rinses) or other caries management methods. As a result, it is regarded as one of the superior topical fluoride agents for young children.

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    ABSTRACT: Fluoride varnish prolongs the contact time between fluoride and tooth surface to reduce caries. Its active ingredient is usually 5% sodium fluoride, or 22,600 ppm fluoride. Its use as an "off-label" approved drug for caries control in the United States has been on the rise, along with increasing evidence of its efficacy in case-based studies. It sets rapidly on teeth, and it is simple, quick and easy to apply. Side effects or complications of its use are rare. Gagging and swallowing are unusual. The risk of dental fluorosis is minimal. And it can be safely used in young children.
    The New York state dental journal 77(4):38-42.
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    ABSTRACT: Dental caries which is one of the most common chronic disease complexly developed by the action of oral bacteria, diet, and host factor. Various prevention program enhance resistance of demineralization and reduce the acidogenecity of oral bacteria have been introduced, representative material is fluoride and chlorhexidine. The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare effectiveness of fluoride varnish and chlorhexidine varnish in vivo. Bovine tooth specimens were implanted in the lower space maintainers and applied with fluoride varnish and chlorhexidine varnish. After seven days in oral environment, metal mesh was covered to make similar condition of plaque accumulation and induce caries. All specimens were analysed by EPMA to evaluate quantitative change of Ca, P and by polarized microscope to identify histological changes. The results were as follows : After initial artificial caries induction in the mouth, there were remarkable enamel caries lesion in the control group under polarized light microscopy. The highest amount of mineral decrease were showed in control group. No statistically significant mineral decrease were showed in fluoride varnish group, while chlorhexidine varnish group showed only significant decrease of P(P
    01/2008; 35(1).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride varnish application on enamel decalcification. Eighty bovine enamel blocks divided randomly into 4 groups. Group I is the control group. Group II was treated with the APF gel and washed after 4 minutes. Group III and IV was treated with Fluor and and washed after 1 minutes. Decalcification were created by placing all specimen into artificial acidic solution(pH 4.0). Then the optical density of the lesions were measured by visible light fluorescence and the lesion depths were measured. The results were : 1. The optical density of group II was higher than group I but lower than group III, IV(p0.05) at 48 hours. 2. The optical density of group IV was highest at 72 hours(p0.05). 4. Mean lesion depths were and in group III, IV but no significant difference between two groups(p>0.05). Fluoride varnish treatment resulted in a significant reduction in lesion depth compared with APF gel. Fluor and provided the similar effect.
    01/2008; 35(3).
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