Article

Effect of salinity on root-nodule conductance to the oxygen diffusion in the Cicer arietinum-Mesorhizobium ciceri symbiosis.

Département de Biologie, Faculté de Sciences de Tunis, Campus universitaire 1060, Tunisia.
Journal of Plant Physiology (Impact Factor: 2.77). 09/2007; 164(8):1028-36. DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2006.05.016
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Nodule conductance to O2 diffusion has been involved as a major factor of the inhibition of N2 fixation by soil salinity that severely reduces the production of grain legumes. In order to determine the effect of this constraint on the nodule conductance, oxygen uptake by the nodulated roots of Cicer arietinum was measured by recording the concentration of O2 as a function of pO2 in a gas-tight incubator. After germination and inoculation with the strain Mesorhizobium ciceri UPMCa7, the varieties Amdoun 1 and INRAT 93-1 were hydroponically grown in a glasshouse on 1L glass bottles filled with nutrient solution containing 25 mM NaCl. Salinity induced a marked decrease in shoot (30% versus 14%), root (43% versus 20%), and nodule biomass (100% versus 43%) for Amdoun 1 relative to INRAT 93-1. Although salinity completely prevented nodule formation in the sensitive variety Amdoun 1, nodule number and biomass were higher in the first than in the second variety in the absence of salt. This effect was associated with a significantly higher O2 uptake by nodulated root (510 versus 255 micromol O2 plant(-1)h(-1)) and nodule conductance (20 versus 5 microm s(-1)) in Amdoun 1 than in INRAT 93-1. Salinity did not significantly change the nodule conductance and nodule permeability for INRAT 93-1. Thus, the salt tolerance of this variety appears to be associated with stability in nodule conductance and the capacity to form nodules under salt constraint.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
101 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigated the effect of residual salts from the previous summer’s irrigation on two non-irrigated cover crops—broad bean and common vetch—and on their rhizobial symbiontics. Before sowing, seeds were inoculated with a salt-tolerant strain and a salt-sensitive strain of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae. An increase in the electrical conductivity of the saturated-soil extract from 2.0 dS m−1 to 6.0 dS m−1 caused a severe reduction of broad bean biomass, while growth of common vetch was almost unaffected by the salinity level. Our results clearly indicate that common vetch as a cover crop may increase the availability of nitrogen in soil more than broad bean also in saline environments. A high ability of both inoculated strains to nodulate Vicia plants was observed under controlled conditions. In contrast, inoculated strains were not able to nodulate plants in salinized soils, showing lower competitiveness compared to natural rhizobial population. Indeed, the new isolates from nodules were salt-sensitive when tested in vitro. The complex interaction among bacteria, plant and soil determined the survival of endogenous salt sensitive rhizobial strains and limited the success of inoculation with exogenous salt resistant rhizobia.
    Annals of Microbiology 06/2012; 62(2):811-823. · 1.04 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) are known to convert the insoluble forms of phosphate to soluble one and make them available for plant uptake. The present study aimed to isolate PSB from the rhizosphere of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. cv. GPF2) and examine their effect on the growth and seed number. The isolated PSB were analyzed for phosphate solubilization, indole acetic acid and siderophore production. PSB were characterized for phenotypic and biochemical properties, BIOLOG and whole-cell fatty acid methyl ester profile and found to be closely related to Pantoea cypripedii and Enterobacter aerogenes based on 16s rRNA gene sequencing. A high increase in growth of C. arietinum was observed when innoculated with PSB in tricalcium phosphate amended soils. A higher uptake in total P (53 %) of plants was observed when inoculated with mixture of P. cypripedii and E. aerogenes along with Rhizobium ciceri as compared to respective control plants which significantly increased the seed number (98.3 %) and seed weight (46.1 %). This study demonstrated the ability of novel PSB P. cypripedii along with E. aerogenes and R. ciceri to promote chickpea growth.
    Plant Growth Regulation 05/2013; · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) in root nodules of grain legumes such as chickpea is a highly complex process that drastically affects the gene expression patterns of both the prokaryotic as well as eukaryotic interacting cells. A successfully established symbiotic relationship requires mutual signaling mechanisms and a continuous adaptation of the metabolism of the involed cells to varying environmental conditions. Although some of these processes are well understood today many of the molecular mechanisms underlying SNF, especially in chickpea, remain unclear. Here, we reannotated our previously published transcriptome data generated by deep SuperSAGE (Serial Analysis of Gene Expression) to the recently published draft genome of chickpea to assess the root- and nodule-specific transcriptomes of the eukaryotic host cells. The identified gene expression patterns comprise up to 71 significantly differentially expressed genes and the expression of twenty of these was validated by quantitative real-time PCR with the tissues from five independent biologica lreplicates. Many of the differentially expressed transcripts were found to encode proteins implicated in sugar metabolism, antioxidant defense as well as biotic and abiotic stress responses of the host cells, and some of them were already known to contribute to SNF in other legumes. The differentially expressed genes identified in this study represent candidates that can be used for further characterization of the complex molecular mechanisms underlying SNF in chickpea.
    Frontiers in Plant Science 07/2014; 5(325). · 3.64 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
97 Downloads
Available from
May 23, 2014