Results of multiple drilling compared with those of conventional methods of core decompression.
ABSTRACT We performed multiple drilling as a femoral head-preserving procedure for osteonecrosis of the femoral head thinking the therapeutic effects of core decompression could be achieved by this simpler procedure than core decompression. We retrospectively reviewed 136 patients (163 hips) who had multiple drilling using 9/64-inch Steinmann pins for treatment of nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The mean followup for patients who did not require additional surgery (113 hips) was 87 months (range, 60-134 months). We defined failure as the need for additional surgery or a Harris hip score less than 75. After a minimum 5-year followup, 79% (31/39) of patients with Stage I disease and 77% (62/81) of patients with Stage II disease had no additional surgery. All (15/15) small lesions (<25% involvement) and 84% (37/44) of medium-sized lesions (25-50% involvement) were considered successful. Survival rates of patients with Ficat Stages I or II lesions were greater than survival rates for patients with Stage III lesions. Hips with a large necrotic area had poor results. We had one instance of subtrochanteric fracture through drill entry holes. Multiple drilling is straightforward with few complications and produces results comparable to results of other core decompression techniques.
Article: Effects of multiple drilling on the ischemic capital femoral epiphysis of immature piglets.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of multiple drilling on the immature capital femoral epiphysis following ischemic injury in a piglet model. Ischemic necrosis of capital femoral epiphysis was induced bilaterally in 12 piglets using a cervical ligation method. Three weeks later, medial, central, and lateral 3 drill holes were made on the left femoral head using 0.062" K-wire. At 3, 6, 9, and 12 weeks following the multiple drilling, femoral heads were harvested from each three piglets. On histologic examination, percent of revascularization, percent of osteoblast surface, capital femoral epiphyseal quotient and proximal femoral growth plate height were evaluated. Untreated right femoral heads served as control. While percent of revascularization of left capital femoral epiphysis with multiple drilling was significantly higher than untreated control side (p<0.001), percent of osteoblast surface, capital femoral epiphyseal quotient and proximal femoral growth plate height showed no significant difference. This study indicates that multiple drilling could promote revascularization of ischemic capital femoral epiphysis, and multiple drilling does not appear to produce bony physeal bars at short-term, if using small diameter drill. However, multiple drilling alone does not seem to prevent femoral head deformity or to promote new bone formation.Yonsei medical journal 09/2011; 52(5):809-17. · 0.77 Impact Factor