National health system steps in Turkey: concerns of family physician residents in Turkey regarding the proposed national family physician system.

School of Nursing, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
The health care manager 25(3):254-62.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Many countries are currently struggling with the public desire for improved health care and provision of basic services on the one hand, and the rising costs of health care on the other. Turkey is acutely experiencing this problem because of its relatively advanced level of economic development and its relatively low level of health status compared to Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and European Union countries. Since 1990, there has been vigorous debate in the Turkish society regarding the best way to improve public health through improved primary health care. The current government is pursuing a proposal that has been mentioned before, but in a more serious effort than has been previously made. This is an approach to primary care based on systems such as those in the United Kingdom and in Germany, and the basic components are family physicians who have a particular list of patients whom they provide care for. Financing of the system is to be provided with a new general health insurance scheme. In this study, 38 family practice residents at the 3 major training hospitals for this specialty completed an investigator-designed questionnaire for the purpose of characterizing their concerns regarding this proposed system of primary health care delivery. The participants' responses indicated that the new system, which is known as the Family Physician System, will contribute importantly toward raising the overall level of health in Turkey. Specific expected benefits include closer patient-physician relationships, increased job satisfaction on the part of family physicians, and an overall increase in income for the physicians working in the system.

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