Physical and sexual assault of women with disabilities. Violence Against Women, 12, 823-837

Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Violence Against Women (Impact Factor: 1.33). 10/2006; 12(9):823-37. DOI: 10.1177/1077801206292672
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT North Carolina women were surveyed to examine whether women's disability status was associated with their risk of being assaulted within the past year. Women's violence experiences were classified into three groups: no violence, physical assault only (without sexual assault), and sexual assault (with or without physical assault). Multivariable analysis revealed that women with disabilities were not significantly more likely than women without disabilities to have experienced physical assault alone within the past year (odds ratio [OR] = 1.18, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.62 to 2.27); however, women with disabilities had more than 4 times the odds of experiencing sexual assault in the past year compared to women without disabilities (OR = 4.89, 95% CI = 2.21 to 10.83).

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Available from: Kathryn E Moracco, Sep 29, 2015
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    • "There is strong evidence that women with serious or chronic mental illness experience higher rates of violence than women in the general population [1,2]. A review of 11 studies that focused on serious mental illness and victimization found that women had a 13 to 19 fold increased risk of experiencing any violence compared to women in the general population [1]. "
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    ABSTRACT: There is strong evidence that women with serious or chronic mental illness experience higher rates of violence than women in the general population. Our objective was to examine the risk of intimate partner violence (IPV), a form of violence that is often recurrent and linked to negative physical and psychological consequences, among a representative sample of non-institutionalized women with activity limitations (ALs) due to a mental health condition. Data from the 2009 General Social Survey were used, a national, population-based, cross-sectional survey. The sample included 6851 women reporting contact with a current or former partner in the previous five years, of whom 322 (4.7%) reported a mental health-related AL always/often or sometimes RESULTS: The prevalence of any IPV was highest among women with mental health-related ALs always/often (54.4%), followed by women reporting ALs sometimes (49.9%), and those reporting no ALs (18.3%, p < 0.0001). The same pattern was observed for emotional (51.1%, 45.5%, 16.3%, p < 0.0001) and financial IPV (18.1%, 9.5%, 4.0%, p < 0.0001). For physical/sexual violence, rates were similar among women reporting mental health-related ALs always/often and sometimes, but were lower among those reporting no ALs (20.2%, 20.9%, 5.9%, p < 0.0001). In a logistic regression analysis the odds of having experienced any IPV remained greater for women reporting ALs always/often (OR = 3.65; 95% CI: 2.10, 6.32) and sometimes (OR = 3.20; 95% CI: 2.15, 4.75) than those reporting no ALs. Several social capital variables, including perceptions of having experienced discrimination, a weak sense of belonging in their local community, and low trust toward family members and strangers were also significantly associated with having experienced IPV. Findings suggest that women with mental health-related ALs may be at increased risk of IPV. Health and social service providers may need, therefore, to better target prevention and intervention initiatives to this population.
    BMC Public Health 01/2014; 14(1):51. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-51 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    • "Evidence from worldwide studies show that women are more likely to experience violence from their male intimate partners than from other family members, acquaintances and strangers (WHO 2013). This is also true for women with disabilities, with research showing that male intimate partners are the most common perpetrators (Cockram, 2003; Martin, et al., 2006; Milberger, et al., 2003; Smith, 2008). Intimate partner violence (IPV) is often classified by three main types of violence, which most often intersect. "
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    • "Subsequently, third wave feminisms have illuminated compounded oppressions experienced by Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic women; the work presents a challenge to the widespread homogenization of race in gender studies (Collins, 2000; Crenshaw, 1991). Since the Millennium, large-scale studies from the United States estimate that disabled women are between two (Smith, 2008) and four times (Martin et al., 2006) more likely to experience sexual assault than non-disabled women. Further, disabled women may be significantly more likely to experience, 'Hyperviolent' (Sherry, 2010, p. 100) and sustained or escalating attacks, than either nondisabled women or disabled men. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background - Disabled women are reported to be between twice and five times more likely to experience sexual violence than non-disabled women or disabled men; when these are hate crimes they compound harms for both victims and communities. Purpose - This user-led research explores how disabled and Deaf victims and Survivors most effectively resist the harm and injustice they experience after disablist hate crime involving rape. Design/methodology/approach - Feminist standpoint methods are employed with reciprocity as central. This small-scale peer research was 31 undertaken with University ethics and supervision over a five year period. Subjects (n = 522) consisted of disabled and Deaf victims and Survivors 33 in North of England. Findings – The intersectional nature of violence against disabled women unsettles constructed macro binaries of public / private space violence and the location of disabled women as inherently vulnerable. Findings demonstrate how seizing collective identity can usefully resist re-victimisation, tackle the harms after disablist hate crime involving rape and resist the homogenisation of both women and disabled people. Practical implications – The chapter outlines inequalities in disabled people’s human rights and recommends service and policy improvements, as well as informing methods for conducting ethical research. Originality/value – This is perhaps the first user-led, social model based feminist standpoint research to explore the collective resistance to harm after experiencing disablist hate crime involving rape. It crossed impairment boundaries and included community living, segregated institutions and women who rely on perpetrators for personal assistance. It offers new evidence of how disabled and Deaf victims and Survivors can collectively unsettle the harms of disablist hate crime and rape and achieve justice and safety on a micro level
    Advances in Gender Research 09/2013; 18(a):17-51. DOI:10.1108/S1529-2126(2013)000018A005
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