Article

Physical and sexual assault of women with disabilities.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Violence Against Women (Impact Factor: 1.33). 10/2006; 12(9):823-37. DOI: 10.1177/1077801206292672
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT North Carolina women were surveyed to examine whether women's disability status was associated with their risk of being assaulted within the past year. Women's violence experiences were classified into three groups: no violence, physical assault only (without sexual assault), and sexual assault (with or without physical assault). Multivariable analysis revealed that women with disabilities were not significantly more likely than women without disabilities to have experienced physical assault alone within the past year (odds ratio [OR] = 1.18, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.62 to 2.27); however, women with disabilities had more than 4 times the odds of experiencing sexual assault in the past year compared to women without disabilities (OR = 4.89, 95% CI = 2.21 to 10.83).

Full-text

Available from: Kathryn E Moracco, Apr 18, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
135 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this Notes from the Field article, we discuss how community-level interventions based on empowerment and capacity building are necessary to fully address the problem of abuse of persons with disabilities. Through an innovative community–university partnership, an empowerment approach was used to build the capacity of stakeholders, concerned about abuse of persons with disabilities, to establish better programs, policies, and practices to serve this population. Stakeholders from various disciplines and consumers with disabilities partnered to implement training for disability service providers and modify policy and practice within criminal justice agencies. Lessons learned and recommendations for others who want to build capacity in this area are provided.
    Journal of Community Practice 01/2013; 21(1-2):124-144. DOI:10.1080/10705422.2013.788371
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Individuals with disabilities experience higher rates of abuse than the nondisabled. Few evidence-based prevention interventions have been published despite a need for such work. This study evaluated IMPACT:Ability, a safety and self-advocacy training for individuals with cognitive and/or physical disabilities. METHODSA quasi-experimental design was used to assess change in safety and self-advocacy knowledge, confidence, and behaviors among special education high school students in Boston, MA. Instruments were interviewer-administered at 3 time points. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare change between the intervention (N = 21) and wait-list (N = 36) groups. Repeated measures analysis was used to test change in the complete sample (N = 57). RESULTSStudents were diverse (58% males, 82% nonwhite) with a range of disabilities. Significantly greater improvement in key outcomes, including safety and self-advocacy knowledge, confidence, and behavior, were observed in intervention students compared to the wait-list group. Results in the complete sample showed evidence of further improvements in students' sense of safety and general self-efficacy. CONCLUSIONS These findings are encouraging given the effects were demonstrated in a heterogeneous urban population. IMPACT:Ability may be an effective safety and self-advocacy training for students with disabilities. Further research will be required to determine effectiveness within particular subpopulations of students.
    Journal of School Health 12/2014; 84(12):793-801. DOI:10.1111/josh.12211 · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The sexual assault of persons with mental disabilities (also described as cognitive, intellectual and developmental disabilities) occurs at alarmingly high rates worldwide. These assaults are a form of gender-based violence intersecting with discrimination based on disability. Our research on the treatment of such cases in the Canadian criminal justice system demonstrates the systemic barriers these victims face at the level of both substantive legal doctrine and trial procedure. Relying on feminist legal theory and disability theory, we argue in this paper that abuses of trust and power underlie most sexual assaults of women with mental disabilities. We argue that existing Criminal Code provisions in Canada are inadequate to address this type of exploitation because courts have consistently failed to recognize that such abuses of power and trust are fundamentally inconsistent with any notion of voluntary consent.
    Feminist Legal Studies 07/2014; 22(2):131-154. DOI:10.1007/s10691-014-9263-3 · 0.31 Impact Factor