Determining predictors of delayed recovery and the need for transitional cardiac rehabilitation after cardiac surgery.
ABSTRACT To examine the relationship between demographic and clinical characteristics of cardiac surgery patients with postoperative length of stay (PLOS) greater than 7 days and determine the demographic, social, and clinical predictors of the need for transitional cardiac rehabilitation (TCR) after cardiac surgery.
A retrospective review of characteristics, clinical indices, caregiver availability, and patient status (whether living alone) was completed for 304 patients undergoing cardiac surgery over 24 consecutive months. Univariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate risk factor characteristics for PLOS greater than 7 days and to predict discharge disposition to TCR or home.
Older patients, those with preoperative comorbidities, and those without a caregiver at home experience delays in functional recovery and discharge and are more likely to need TCR services.
Our findings support the addition of functional recovery and social support risk items to the preoperative cardiac surgery risk assessment.
- SourceAvailable from: Susan A Barnason[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Older adults with poor functioning preoperatively are at risk for delayed recovery and more impaired outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS). The study objective was to determine whether a 6-week early recovery telehealth intervention, designed to improve self-efficacy and management related to symptoms after CABS, was effective in improving outcomes (physical activity, physiologic, and psychologic functioning) for older adults (aged > 65 years) with higher disease burden. A descriptive, repeated-measures experimental design was used. Follow-up data were collected at 3 and 6 weeks and 3 months after CABS. Subjects were drawn from a larger randomized clinical trial. Parent study subjects who had high disease burden preoperatively (physical component score of < 50 on the Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36 and RISKO score of > 6) were included (N = 55), with 23 subjects in the early recovery intervention group and 31 subjects in the usual care group (n = 31). Subjects ranged in age from 65 to 85 years (M = 71.6 + 5.1 years). There was a significant main effect by group (F[1,209] = 4.66, P < .05). The intervention group had a least square means of 27.9 kcal/kg/d of energy expenditure compared with the usual care group of 26.6 kcal/kg/d per the RT3 accelerometer (Stayhealthy, Inc, Monrovia, CA). Both groups had significantly improved physical (F[2,171] = 3.26, P < .05) and role-physical (F[2,171] = 6.64, P < .005) functioning over time. The subgroup of subjects undergoing CABS with high disease burden were responsive to an early recovery telehealth intervention. Improving patients' physical activity and functioning can reduce morbidity and mortality associated with poor functioning after cardiac events.Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 01/2009; 38(6):459-68. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The study objective was to examine the effect of a symptom management (SM) telehealth intervention on physical activity and functioning and to describe the health care use of older adult patients (aged > 65 years) after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) by group (SM intervention group and usual care group). A randomized clinical trial design was used. The study was conducted in 4 Midwestern tertiary hospitals. The 6-week SM telehealth intervention was delivered by the Health Buddy (Health Hero Network, Palo Alto, CA). Measures included Modified 7-Day Activity Interview, RT3 accelerometer (Stayhealthy, Inc, Monrovia, CA), physical activity and exercise diary, Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form 36, and subjects' self-report and provider records of health care use. Follow-up times were 3 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months after CABS. Subjects (N = 232) had a mean age of 71.2 (+4.7) years. There were no significant interactions using repeated-measures analyses of covariance. There was a significant group effect for average kilocalories/kilogram/day of estimated energy expenditure as measured by the RT3 accelerometer, with the usual care group having a higher estimated energy expenditure. Both groups had significant improvements over time for role-physical, vitality, and mental functioning. Both groups had similar health care use. Subjects were able to return to preoperative levels of functioning between 3 and 6 months after CABS and to increase their physical activity over reported preoperative levels of activity. Further study of those patients undergoing CABS who could derive the most benefit from the SM intervention is warranted.Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 01/2009; 38(5):364-76. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship of increasing age to clinical characteristics, rehabilitation outcomes, and long-term survival in a post-acute inpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. The study population consisted of all 364 consecutive cardiac rehabilitation patients admitted over a 4-year period to an inpatient cardiac rehabilitation program in a long-term acute care hospital.Admission and discharge comparisons were made between 3 age cohorts: 65 years (n = 117), 65 to 74 years (n = 127), and ≥ 75 years (n = 120). Patients were followed through January, 2010 for survival. The 3 cohorts on admission differed significantly in Functional Independence Measure, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate, smoking and hypertension histories, body mass index, and cardiac diagnoses (all P < .05) but not in Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics, or left ventricular ejection fraction. There were no cohort differences in rehabilitation outcomes of physical function, inpatient days, and discharge disposition. Survival was longest in the youngest cohort whereas the 2 older cohorts had similar survivals (P < .01; log-rank test). All 3 cohorts had at least 40% survival at 8 years. Cox regression analyses showed that the comorbidity burden as quantified by the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics was the only predictor of death in all cohorts (all P ≤ .002). This study provided evidence that post-acute inpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs equally benefited both elderly patients and younger patients. These programs are valuable in the continuum of care for elderly patients who are not yet ready for discharge to home following a serious cardiac event.Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and prevention 01/2011; 31(4):230-8. · 1.59 Impact Factor