Effects of resistance or aerobic exercises on metabolic parameters in obese women who are not on a diet.
ABSTRACT This longitudinal, controlled clinical study was conducted to compare the effects of resistance exercise (RE) and aerobic exercise (AE) on body mass index (BMI), weight, fat mass (FM), serum lipid profile, and insulin resistance in obese women who cannot adhere to energy-restricted diets. A total of 60 obese women with severe eating disorders were evaluated. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group with no exercise (n=20), group 1 with AE (n=20), and group 2 with RE (n=20). Demographic and anthropometric measurements were taken. Serum lipid fractions and fasting (FGlc) and postprandial glucose insulin (PGlc) levels were measured. Insulin resistance was calculated with use of homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Total body FM was measured by bioelectric impedance analysis. After 12 wk of exercise, significant decreases in BMI, waist and weight measurements, and FGlc, PGlc, triglyceride, and total cholesterol levels were noted in each of the study groups. Reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level and FM and HOMA-IR measurements were observed only in group 1 (with AE). This study indicated that AE and RE training induces improvement in body fat composition and has a favorable metabolic effect in obese women with severe eating disorders.
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the effect of ginger supplementation and progressive resistance training on lipid profiles and body composition in obese men. Hence, 32 obese male (BMI≥ 30) were allocated in four groups. Ginger (GI; n=8); ginger plus resistance training (GIRT; n=8); placebo (PL; n=8); placebo plus resistance training (PLRT; n=8). The exercise groups supervised whole body progressive resistance training (PRT) of 3 sessions/wk in 10 wk. To identify total cholesterol, HDL-C and triglycerides levels, venous blood samples were obtained before and 48 to 72 h after last session of protocol. Body composition was assessed from the skin fold thickness measurements and body fat percent was then calculated by using the Siri equation. We observed a significant decrease for total cholesterol, body fat percentage, FM, WC, WHR (P<0.05) and significant increase for FFM (P<0.05) in the PLRT and GIRT groups after the 10 week period, while it remained unchanged in PL and GI groups. Furthermore, Mean BMI, HDL, LDL and triglyceride remained unchanged in all groups (p>0.05). For the base of these results suggested resistance training has been an effective therapeutic devise to favourable changes in lipid profiles and body composition in obese individual. Moreover, ginger consumption in 1 gr/day dose did not cause any significant effects.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, 90 middle-aged men were randomly assigned to exercise (E, n= 44) and control groups (C, n= 46) to examine the role of physical exercise on serum lipoproteins. While the exercise group participated in a 2-month training program, the control group maintained their previous exercise habits. Serum triglycerides decreased from 1.54 ± 0.10 to 1.27 ± 0.08 mmol/1 (p<0.001) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased from 1.27 ± 0.04 to 1.41 ± 0.04 mmol/1 (p<0.01) in the exercise group after intervention. As the concentration of apolipoprotein AI stayed constant in both groups, the ratio of HDL cholesterol/apolipoprotein AII increased only in the exercise group. While the change in serum triglycerides in the exercise group was not dependent on weight reduction, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol changed based on weight reduction.
Article: Health Benefits of Exercise[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Bu derlemenin amacı, egzersizin sağlık yararları hakkında güncel bilgileri gözden geçirmektir. Rehabilitasyon hekimliğinde, ayrıntılı reçetelendirilmiş egzersiz programı en önemli modalitedir. Bu yazıda, egzersizin özellikle kardiyovasküler hastalıklar, depresyon, demans, obezite ve günlük pratiğimizde sıklıkla görülen kronik ağrı sendromları üzerine olan sağlık yararları üzerinde durulmuştur. Egzersizin bu hastalıkların önlenmesi ve tedavisindeki önemli rolü incelenip, egzersiz önerileri derlenmiştir.The purpose of this review is to provide current information concerning the health benefits of exercise. In rehabilitation medicine, a detailed prescription of the exercise program is the most important modality. In this paper, the health benefits of exercise, especially on the cardiovascular diseases, depression, dementia, obesity, and chronic pain syndrome, frequently seen in our daily practice, are emphasized. The role of exercise in the prevention and treatment of these diseases is examined, and the recommendations for exercise are reviewed.FTR - Turkiye Fiziksel Tip ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi 10/2014; 60(Supp 2):9-14. DOI:10.5152/tftrd.2014.33716 · 0.08 Impact Factor