Influence of tilt and decentration of scleral-sutured intraocular lens on ocular higher-order wavefront aberration.

Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575 Japan.
British Journal of Ophthalmology (Impact Factor: 2.73). 02/2007; 91(2):185-8. DOI: 10.1136/bjo.2006.099945
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the influence of tilt and decentration of scleral-sutured intraocular lenses (IOLs) on ocular higher-order wavefront aberrations.
In 45 eyes of 36 patients who had undergone scleral suture fixation of posterior chamber IOL, tilt and decentration of IOLs were determined by Scheimpflug videophotography, and higher-order aberration for a 4-mm pupil was measured using the Hartmann-Shack aberrometer. In another 100 eyes of 100 patients after standard cataract surgery with posterior chamber IOL implantation, ocular higher-order aberration was measured.
In eyes with scleral-sutured IOL, the mean (SD) tilt angle and decentration were 4.43 degrees (3.02 degrees ) and 0.279 (0.162) mm, respectively. Ocular coma-like aberration in the sutured IOL group was 0.324 (0.170) microm, which was significantly greater than that of the standard cataract surgery group (0.169 (0.061) microm, p<0.001, Student's t test). No significant difference was found in ocular spherical-like aberration between the sutured IOL group (0.142 (0.065) microm) and standard surgery group (0.126 (0.033) microm; p = 0.254). In the sutured IOL group, IOL tilt significantly correlated with ocular coma-like aberration (Pearson's correlation coefficient r = 0.628, p<0.001), but no significant correlation was found between IOL tilt and ocular spherical-like aberration (r = 0.222, p = 0.175). The IOL tilt did not correlate with corneal coma-like (r = 0.289, p = 0.171) and spherical-like (r = 0.150, p = 0.356) aberrations. The IOL decentration did not correlate with any higher-order aberrations.
In eyes with scleral-sutured posterior chamber IOL, tilting of the lens induces considerable amount of ocular coma-like aberrations.

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